1,622 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    La-related protein 1 (LARP1) binds the mRNA cap, blocking eIF4F assembly on TOP mRNAs

    Roni M Lahr et al.
    La-related protein 1 specifically and directly binds the 5' cap and first nucleotide of mRNAs encoding ribosomal proteins and translation factors, inhibiting the assembly of translation initiation factors on these messages and therefore their translation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    LARP1 functions as a molecular switch for mTORC1-mediated translation of an essential class of mRNAs

    Sungki Hong et al.
    LARP1 turns off and on the translation of an essential class of mRNAs by acting as a key effecter and regulator for mTORC1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of Vps4 with circular peptides and implications for translocation of two polypeptide chains by AAA+ ATPases

    Han Han et al.
    Structural and biochemical studies indicate that AAA+ ATPase employ a general mechanism to translocate a variety of substrates, including extended polypeptides, hairpins, crosslinked chains, and chains conjugated to other molecules.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Single molecule poly(A) tail-seq shows LARP4 opposes deadenylation throughout mRNA lifespan with most impact on short tails

    Sandy Mattijssen et al.
    LARP4 protects mRNAs against deadenylation over a wide range of poly(A) lengths but with most apparent functional impact on short lengths known to sensitize PABP binding and mRNA stability.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of αE-catenin–F-actin catch bond behavior

    Xiao-Ping Xu et al.
    A molecular mechanism for force-dependent binding of the cell adhesion proteins αE-catenin and vinculin to actin is derived from the structure of the αE-catenin actin-binding domain bound to F-actin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Extensive and spatially variable within-cell-type heterogeneity across the basolateral amygdala

    Timothy P O'Leary et al.
    Basolateral amygdala excitatory neurons are a highly heterogenous collection of neurons that spatially covary in molecular, cellular, and circuit properties.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Tumor suppressor SMARCB1 suppresses super-enhancers to govern hESC lineage determination

    Lee F Langer et al.
    The chromatin remodeler and tumor suppressor SMARCB1 acts to restrict superenhancer function to direct neural differentiation of embryonic stem cells while repressing bivalent gene activity in the pluripotent state.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Robust and accurate prediction of residue–residue interactions across protein interfaces using evolutionary information

    Sergey Ovchinnikov et al.
    Co-evolving residue pairs in the different components of a protein complex almost always make contact across the protein–protein interface, thus providing powerful restraints for the modeling of protein complexes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Rod nuclear architecture determines contrast transmission of the retina and behavioral sensitivity in mice

    Kaushikaram Subramanian et al.
    Establishing retinal contrast transmission as a novel determinant of mammalian fitness, this research adds functional significance to a prominent exception of nuclear organization, previously described in nocturnal rod photoreceptor cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    RNF41 regulates the damage recognition receptor Clec9A and antigen cross-presentation in mouse dendritic cells

    Kirsteen M Tullett et al.
    Dendritic cell recognition and processing of antigens from dead cells, utilising the Clec9A-damage recognition receptor, is controlled by a novel RNF41-ubiquitin-mediated regulatory pathway.

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