204 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Local and global influences on protein turnover in neurons and glia

    Aline R Dörrbaum et al.
    A dynamic SILAC analysis reveals that neuronal proteome turnover is influenced by the cell type as well as the extracellular environment.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Shearing in flow environment promotes evolution of social behavior in microbial populations

    Gurdip Uppal, Dervis Can Vural
    Shearing in fluid flow induces or enhances budding dispersal in microbial populations, resulting in stronger cooperative behavior.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Ecological multiplex interactions determine the role of species for parasite spread amplification

    Massimo Stella et al.
    Predators may amplify multiple-host parasite spreading in systems with multiple transmission routes.
    1. Developmental Biology and Stem Cells

    Segmentation of the zebrafish axial skeleton relies on notochord sheath cells and not on the segmentation clock

    Laura Lleras Forero et al.
    In contrast to amniotes, zebrafish (ray-finned fish, teleost) centra are formed from specialised notochord sheath cells, and the segmental patterning of these cells is independent of the segmentation clock.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Multivalency of NDC80 in the outer kinetochore is essential to track shortening microtubules and generate forces

    Vladimir A Volkov et al.
    Multiple NDC80 complexes in the outer kinetochore cooperate to bind the ends of depolymerizing microtubules and harness their power stroke.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Stochastic processes constrain the within and between host evolution of influenza virus

    John T McCrone et al.
    An analysis of influenza viruses from naturally infected people suggests a tight transmission bottleneck and little positive selection within hosts.
    1. Neuroscience

    Formation of retinal direction-selective circuitry initiated by starburst amacrine cell homotypic contact

    Thomas A Ray et al.
    Selective synapse formation in a retinal motion-sensitive circuit is orchestrated by starburst amacrine cells, which use homotypic interactions to initiate formation of a dendritic scaffold that recruits projections from circuit partners.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning place cells, grid cells and invariances with excitatory and inhibitory plasticity

    Simon Nikolaus Weber, Henning Sprekeler
    A large variety of spatial representations implied in rodent navigation could arise robustly and rapidly from inputs with a weak spatial structure, by an interaction of excitatory and inhibitory synaptic plasticity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Fast and accurate edge orientation processing during object manipulation

    J Andrew Pruszynski et al.
    Tactile edge orientation processing during object manipulation is many times better than previously thought based on perceptual studies.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    CRISPR-based herd immunity can limit phage epidemics in bacterial populations

    Pavel Payne et al.
    Bacteria can exhibit herd immunity protection against phages, which may play a significant role in their ecology and evolution.

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