391 results found
  1. Episode 45: February 2018

    In this episode, we hear about disease control in insects, placental development, post-traumatic stress disorder, the mission to create a human cell atlas and how crickets amplify their song.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM structures of S-OPA1 reveal its interactions with membrane and changes upon nucleotide binding

    Danyang Zhang et al.
    GTP binding induces rearrangement of S-OPA1 assembly on membrane and thus triggers membrane remodeling with reduced curvature.
    1. Neuroscience

    Correcting for physical distortions in visual stimuli improves reproducibility in zebrafish neuroscience

    Timothy W Dunn, James E Fitzgerald
    Computational analyses quantitatively account for optical refraction at air-water interfaces to enable visual neuroscientists to present distortion-free stimuli to underwater animals.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Developmental variability channels mouse molar evolution

    Luke Hayden et al.
    The nature and extent of developmental variation seen between mouse strains and genetically identical individuals explain why the first upper molar evolves along preferred path in murine rodents.
    1. Neuroscience

    Mechanisms underlying the response of mouse cortical networks to optogenetic manipulation

    Alexandre Mahrach et al.
    Combining experimental and theoretical approaches reveals the interplay between optogenetic manipulation and recurrent interactions in mouse cortex.
    1. Medicine

    Loss of adaptive capacity in asthmatic patients revealed by biomarker fluctuation dynamics after rhinovirus challenge

    Anirban Sinha et al.
    Fluctuation of biomarkers is a novel way of studying system stability during stable and unstable states of health and disease, revealing the systems' ability to cope with external perturbations.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Transposase-assisted tagmentation of RNA/DNA hybrid duplexes

    Bo Lu et al.
    Tn5 transposase has direct tagmentation activity towards RNA/DNA hybrids, which is harnessed as a more convenient and faster RNA-seq library construction method and will benefit RNA and chromatin research.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dithranol targets keratinocytes, their crosstalk with neutrophils and inhibits the IL-36 inflammatory loop in psoriasis

    Theresa Benezeder et al.
    Targeting the differentiation regulators and/or AMPs of keratinocytes, rather than targeting immune cells, may be an alternative approach for topical anti-psoriatic treatment, an area with high need for new drugs.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An ancestral apical brain region contributes to the central complex under the control of foxQ2 in the beetle Tribolium

    Bicheng He et al.
    An ancestral apical brain center contributed to the evolution of the insect central complex requiring foxQ2, which is essential for the development of midline structures of the insect brain.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dynamic change of electrostatic field in TMEM16F permeation pathway shifts its ion selectivity

    Wenlei Ye et al.
    TMEM16F shifts its ion selectivity in response to change of intracellular Ca2+, membrane potential and ionic strength.

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