7,140 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Quantitative dissection of transcription in development yields evidence for transcription-factor-driven chromatin accessibility

    Elizabeth Eck et al.
    Confronting different models of chromatin accessibility with temporally resolved transcription profiles favors a scenario where transcription factors actively, rather than passively, drive chromatin from the inaccessible to the accessible state.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Dimerisation of the PICTS complex via LC8/Cut-up drives co-transcriptional transposon silencing in Drosophila

    Evelyn L Eastwood et al.
    Heterochromatin formation at transposon loci depends on dimerisation of the effector complex that elicits co-transcriptional silencing and this requirement is fulfilled by co-option of the conserved dimerisation hub protein, Cut-up/LC8.
    1. Neuroscience

    Reinforcement biases subsequent perceptual decisions when confidence is low, a widespread behavioral phenomenon

    Armin Lak et al.
    Confidence-dependent reinforcement learning is active and produces trial-to-trial choice updating even in well-learned perceptual decisions without explicit reward biases, across species and sensory modalities.
    1. Developmental Biology

    VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling regulates hippocampal axon branching during development

    Robert Luck et al.
    Hippocampal axon branching, required for the formation of functional neuronal networks, is regulated by VEGF/VEGFR2 signaling during development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The ER–Golgi intermediate compartment is a key membrane source for the LC3 lipidation step of autophagosome biogenesis

    Liang Ge et al.
    A cell-free biochemical assay for protein lipidation identifies the ER–Golgi intermediate compartment as a key early station in the formation of an autophagosome.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Activation of a nucleotide-dependent RCK domain requires binding of a cation cofactor to a conserved site

    Celso M Teixeira-Duarte et al.
    Cations are essential cofactors in the ATP activation mechanism of the KtrAB cation channel and appear to be cofactors of many other nucleotide-dependent RCK domains.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase and COPII generate LC3 lipidation vesicles from the ER-Golgi intermediate compartment

    Liang Ge et al.
    Building on previous work (Ge et al., 2013), it is shown that the ER-Golgi intermediate compartment is a platform for the production of COPII vesicles as precursor membranes for the lipidation of LC3, which is an essential step in autophagosome biogenesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Elucidation of the anti-autophagy mechanism of the Legionella effector RavZ using semisynthetic LC3 proteins

    Aimin Yang et al.
    Legionella effector RavZ evades host autophagy by extracting LC3-PE from the membrane before deconjugation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    An analysis toolbox to explore mesenchymal migration heterogeneity reveals adaptive switching between distinct modes

    Hamdah Shafqat-Abbasi et al.
    “Discontinuous” and “Continuous” migration modes are divergent mesenchymal migration strategies that arise spontaneously in parallel in an equilibrium modulated by cell-matrix attachment and actomyosin contractility.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dopamine neurons learn relative chosen value from probabilistic rewards

    Armin Lak et al.
    When learning the reward probability of novel cues, dopamine neurons convey dissociable value and novelty signals.

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