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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Population structuring of multi-copy, antigen-encoding genes in Plasmodium falciparum

    Yael Artzy-Randrup et al.
    Mathematical modeling shows that local populations of the malaria parasite self-organize into a limited number of transient but distinct strains through competition for hosts in immunity space.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    The homo-oligomerisation of both Sas-6 and Ana2 is required for efficient centriole assembly in flies

    Matthew A Cottee et al.
    The structure of the Ana2 Central Coiled-Coil Domain provides insight into how centriolar cartwheel components may be recruited and assembled, and indicates that cartwheel assembly involves more than just SAS-6 oligomerisation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    The Caenorhabditis elegans protein SAS-5 forms large oligomeric assemblies critical for centriole formation

    Kacper B Rogala et al.
    SAS-5 forms oligomers, through a trimeric coiled coil and novel dimeric domain, that are necessary for centriolar localisation of SAS-5 and for centriole duplication.
    1. Cell Biology

    The GTPase IFT27 is involved in both anterograde and retrograde intraflagellar transport

    Diego Huet et al.
    A small GTPase within the flagellum can participate in the control of transport from the base to the tip of the flagellum, and back again.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    APOL1 renal risk variants have contrasting resistance and susceptibility associations with African trypanosomiasis

    Anneli Cooper et al.
    Common kidney disease risk variants in African populations are associated with reduced susceptibility to deadly African trypanosomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Pharmacological targeting of the transcription factor SOX18 delays breast cancer in mice

    Jeroen Overman et al.
    A novel molecular strategy to block transcription factor activity using small molecule interference of multiple protein-protein interactions is reported.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Codon choice directs constitutive mRNA levels in trypanosomes

    Janaina de Freitas Nascimento et al.
    The information for mRNAs expression level is set by codon choice in trypanosomes and requires translation to be interpreted into a turnover rate.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Evolutionary diversification of the trypanosome haptoglobin-haemoglobin receptor from an ancestral haemoglobin receptor

    Harriet Lane-Serff et al.
    The ligand specificity and expression profile of the haptoglobin-haemoglobin receptor has diversified throughout the evolution of trypanosomes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Spontaneous dormancy protects Trypanosoma cruzi during extended drug exposure

    Fernando J Sánchez-Valdéz et al.
    Intracellular amastigotes of the Chagas disease agent Trypanosoma cruzi can spontaneously enter an extended state of replicative dormancy, during which time they are resistant to drug treatment both in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Cell Biology

    The AP-2 complex has a specialized clathrin-independent role in apical endocytosis and polar growth in fungi

    Olga Martzoukou et al.
    In filamentous fungi the AP-2 complex, which in mammals is an adaptor of clathrin-mediated endocytosis, is recruited to specific clathrin-independent apical endocytosis necessary for proper lipid maintenance and polar growth.