622 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sequence specific detection of bacterial 23S ribosomal RNA by TLR13

    Xiao-Dong Li, Zhijian J Chen
    A pattern recognition receptor called toll-like receptor 13 detects pathogens in a manner that is different to that seen in other pathogen sensors.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Neuroscience

    Synaptic proteins promote calcium-triggered fast transition from point contact to full fusion

    Jiajie Diao et al.
    A combination of advanced optical imaging and cryogenic electron microscopy has been used to explore membrane fusion in a synthetic system and provide new insights into neurotransmitter release.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    A role for PVRL4-driven cell–cell interactions in tumorigenesis

    Natalya N Pavlova et al.
    A protein called PVRL4 has a central role in a number of cancers that originate in epithelial tissue, and anti-PVRL4 antibodies could be used to treat some of these cancers.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A family of fluoride-specific ion channels with dual-topology architecture

    Randy B Stockbridge et al.
    Efflux of xenobiotic fluoride from microorganisms occurs through a novel family of ion channels with stringent selectivity for fluoride ion and dual-topology molecular architecture.
    1. Cell Biology

    Bax and Bak function as the outer membrane component of the mitochondrial permeability pore in regulating necrotic cell death in mice

    Jason Karch et al.
    The proteins Bax and Bak, which increase the permeability of the mitochondrial membrane during apoptosis, are also crucial for generating a mitochondrial membrane pore that is specifically involved in necrosis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Three-color single molecule imaging shows WASP detachment from Arp2/3 complex triggers actin filament branch formation

    Benjamin A Smith et al.
    New insights into the mechanism responsible for the nucleation of branches on networks of actin filaments shed light on a process that is essential for eukaryotic cell motility and endocytosis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Bub3 reads phosphorylated MELT repeats to promote spindle assembly checkpoint signaling

    Ivana Primorac et al.
    The spindle assembly protein Bub3 recruits the checkpoint kinase Bub1 to kinetochores by binding to phosphorylated MELT repeats in the kinetochore subunit Knl1.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    A network of heterochronic genes including Imp1 regulates temporal changes in stem cell properties

    Jinsuke Nishino et al.
    A set of genes that are turned on only within time-limited windows—including genes encoding RNA binding molecules, let-7 microRNAs and IMP1—control developmental switches in stem cell properties between fetal development and adulthood.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Developmental lineage priming in Dictyostelium by heterogeneous Ras activation

    Alex Chattwood et al.
    The probability of a cellular response to a differentiation inducing signal is correlated with the dynamic expression of a Ras protein, and produces a ‘salt and pepper’ pattern of cell differentiation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Multiple knockout mouse models reveal lincRNAs are required for life and brain development

    Martin Sauvageau et al.
    Long intergenic noncoding RNA molecules (lincRNAs) are shown to have critical roles in mammalian development and physiology in vivo.

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