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    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Composition and structure of synaptic ectosomes exporting antigen receptor linked to functional CD40 ligand from helper T cells

    David G Saliba et al.
    TCR and CD40L microclusters are linked in synaptic ectosomes (extracellular vesicles) and released in the immunological synapse by helper T cells and induce dendritic cell maturation and cytokine production.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural state recognition facilitates tip tracking of EB1 at growing microtubule ends

    Taylor A Reid et al.
    EB1 targeting to growing microtubule plus-ends is facilitated by tapered microtubule tip structures.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Consistent and correctable bias in metagenomic sequencing experiments

    Michael R McLaren et al.
    A mathematical model of bias in marker-gene and metagenomic sequencing measurements explains systematic errors in defined mixtures of microbial species, and enables quantitative and reproducible investigation of biological communities.
    1. Cell Biology

    Molecular basis for dyneinopathies reveals insight into dynein regulation and dysfunction

    Matthew G Marzo et al.
    A mutagenesis screen in budding yeast sheds light on dynein regulation and function, and reveals the molecular basis for disease in patients suffering from neuropathies caused by dynein dysfunction.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Activation mechanism of the insulin receptor revealed by cryo-EM structure of the fully liganded receptor–ligand complex

    Emiko Uchikawa et al.
    The identification of the insulin binding site 2 by high resolution cryo-EM analysis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rbfox1 up-regulation impairs BDNF-dependent hippocampal LTP by dysregulating TrkB isoform expression levels

    Francesco Tomassoni-Ardori et al.
    RbFox1 upregulation modulates the expression of hundreds of genes but only dysregulation of the TrkB.T1 receptor isoform expression causes BDNF-dependent LTP impairments.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Systematic identification of cancer cell vulnerabilities to natural killer cell-mediated immune surveillance

    Matthew F Pech et al.
    CRISPR/Cas9 screens reveal a role for the ubiquitin ligase substrate adaptor DCAF15 in the immune surveillance of cancer cells by natural killer cells.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Pressure-driven release of viral genome into a host nucleus is a mechanism leading to herpes infection

    Alberto Brandariz-Nuñez et al.
    Internal DNA pressure of tens of atmospheres inside a herpesvirus capsid powers ejection of the viral genome into a cell nucleus, causing infection.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Caspase-mediated cleavage of IRE1 controls apoptotic cell commitment during endoplasmic reticulum stress

    Anna Shemorry et al.
    Biochemical and biological studies reveal that caspases feed back onto the Unfolded Protein Response by cleaving the ER-stress sensor IRE1 to produce a cytoprotective N-terminal fragment that inhibits BAX-dependent apoptosis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Toxoplasma gondii infection drives conversion of NK cells into ILC1-like cells

    Eugene Park et al.
    Toxoplasma gondii infection leads to conversion of natural killer cells into cells resembling innate lymphoid cells, group 1, that circulate widely, disrupting current notions suggesting that these cells have distinct lineages.