Motor training decreased the unit synaptic response and suppressed induction of long-term depression at parallel fiber to Purkinje cell synapses in the cerebellum, supporting involvement of long-term depression in motor learning.
Electrophysiological and optical analysis of neurotransmitter release at central synapses reveals that glutamate signalling is not required for the long-term potentiation (LTP) of presynaptic function, and instead only promotes presynaptic long-term depression (LTD).
Pair-rule genes in the wasp Nasonia function as in Drosophila in patterning anterior segments, and similar to ancestral insects in patterning posterior segments, illustrating a mixed-mode transition state between short and long germ embryogenesis.
The first genomic view of beetle luciferase evolution indicates evolutionary independence of luciferase between fireflies and click-beetles, and provide valuable datasets which will accelerate the discovery of new biotechnological tools.
Parturition gene regulation across multiple cell-types and placental compartments is deciphered at single cell resolution, highlighting the common role of the NFKB pathway in both term and preterm birth.