16 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Distinct mechanisms of microRNA sorting into cancer cell-derived extracellular vesicle subtypes

    Morayma M Temoche-Diaz et al.
    Biochemical fractionation of vesicle sub-populations and in vitro reconstitution studies reveal that Lupus La protein mediates the selective sorting of miR-122 into extracellular vesicles in vitro and in vivo.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    A tethered delivery mechanism explains the catalytic action of a microtubule polymerase

    Pelin Ayaz et al.
    Using linked TOG domains that each bind a curved conformation of αβ-tubulin, a microtubule polymerase catalyzes fast elongation by concentrating αβ-tubulin near the polymer end.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Protein flexibility is required for vesicle tethering at the Golgi

    Pak-yan Patricia Cheung et al.
    Atomic force microscopy reveals a floppy, dimeric, coiled coil Golgin structure that captures transport vesicles via splayed, N-terminal ends at the Golgi complex.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Bidirectional interactions between indomethacin and the murine intestinal microbiota

    Xue Liang et al.
    Indomethacin, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, alters the composition of the intestinal microbiota, and the intestinal microbiota affect the pharmacokinetics of indomethacin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    ketu mutant mice uncover an essential meiotic function for the ancient RNA helicase YTHDC2

    Devanshi Jain et al.
    The mouse gene Ythdc2 exemplifies an evolutionarily ancient family of crucial regulators of the transition from germline stem cell divisions to meiosis.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Obesity-linked suppression of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 7 (MBOAT7) drives non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

    Robert N Helsley et al.
    Loss of function of membrane-bound O-acyltransferase 7 (MBOAT7), but not transmembrane channel-like 4 (TMC4), promotes hepatic steatosis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    LynA regulates an inflammation-sensitive signaling checkpoint in macrophages

    Tanya S Freedman et al.
    Degradation of kinase LynA protects macrophages from activation unless cells sense a receptor-binding pathogen or inflammation
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Structure of bacterial cytoplasmic chemoreceptor arrays and implications for chemotactic signaling

    Ariane Briegel et al.
    Bacterial cytoplasmic chemoreceptors assemble into a sandwich of two hexagonally packed arrays.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Differential TAM receptor–ligand–phospholipid interactions delimit differential TAM bioactivities

    Erin D Lew et al.
    Signaling by TAM receptor tyrosine kinases requires the coincident engagement of a TAM ligand with both its receptor and the phospholipid phosphatidylserine.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    The pseudo GTPase CENP-M drives human kinetochore assembly

    Federica Basilico et al.
    Centromeric protein M (CENP-M) is required for the stabilization of a quaternary complex that plays a crucial role in kinetochore organization and function.

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