37 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Protein denaturation at the air-water interface and how to prevent it

    Edoardo D'Imprima et al.
    Hydrophilized graphene prevents protein denaturation at the air-water interface.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Inter-species population dynamics enhance microbial horizontal gene transfer and spread of antibiotic resistance

    Robert M Cooper et al.
    Killing their neighbors allows bacteria to steal genes, including antibiotic resistance genes, which we observed under a microscope, quantified, modeled, and predicted potentially guiding strategies to combat it.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A universal pocket in fatty acyl-AMP ligases ensures redirection of fatty acid pool away from coenzyme A-based activation

    Gajanan S Patil et al.
    The structural basis of how an enzyme differentiates chemically identical molecules unlike its homolog to channel fatty acids towards secondary metabolism is elucidated.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Enteric pathogens deploy cell cycle inhibiting factors to block the bactericidal activity of Perforin-2

    Ryan M McCormack et al.
    Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and enteropathogenic Escherichia coli promote pathogenicity by deamidating the ubiquitin-like protein NEDD8 to block ubiquitin-dependent trafficking of Perforin-2, which is an effector of innate immunity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis induces decelerated bioenergetic metabolism in human macrophages

    Bridgette M Cumming et al.
    Quantifiable bioenergetic parameters, determined from extracellular flux analyses, are distinct between macrophages infected with Mycobacteriumtuberculosis or vaccine strain M. bovis BCG, enabling assessment of future vaccine and drug efficacy.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Flexible nitrogen utilisation by the metabolic generalist pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Aleksandra Agapova et al.
    Metabolomics and stable isotope labelling studies of virulent Mycobacterium tuberculosis reveal a de-centralised metabolic network able to utilise various amino acids as nitrogen sources to a better extent than ammonium.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A cytoplasmic peptidoglycan amidase homologue controls mycobacterial cell wall synthesis

    Cara C Boutte et al.
    Cell wall biosynthesis in mycobacteria is regulated by an unusual post-translational regulatory system that contributes to antibiotic tolerance during stress.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    CarD uses a minor groove wedge mechanism to stabilize the RNA polymerase open promoter complex

    Brian Bae et al.
    The crystal structure of Thermus transcription activation complexes containing the transcriptional activator CarD reveals a new mechanism for the activation of transcription.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Discovery and characterization of a novel family of prokaryotic nanocompartments involved in sulfur metabolism

    Robert J Nichols et al.
    A protein-bounded organelle-like compartment from Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 is upregulated under sulfur starvation and contains a cysteine desulfurase cargo enzyme.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of RNA polymerase bound to ribosomal 30S subunit

    Gabriel Demo et al.
    Cryo-EM structures of the 30S*RNAP complex visualize co-localization of the transcription and translation machineries and provide insights into the transcription-translation synchrony, which coordinates gene expression in bacteria.

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