3,010 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Intravital quantification reveals dynamic calcium concentration changes across B cell differentiation stages

    Carolin Ulbricht et al.
    Heterogeneity in cytoplasmic calcium concentration alongside B cell activation and differentiation is measured intravitally using an interdisciplinary imaging approach and novel numerical analysis.
    1. Medicine
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Allosteric communication in class A β-lactamases occurs via cooperative coupling of loop dynamics

    Ioannis Galdadas et al.
    A combination of equilibrium and nonequilibrium molecular dynamics simulations is an effective tool to study allosteric communications in ultrafast enzymes that show little or no conformational changes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic association and causal inference converge on hyperglycaemia as a modifiable factor to improve lung function

    William R Reay et al.
    Genetic data revealed existing drugs that could be repurposed to improve lung function, with evidence that compounds which control blood glucose could be particularly useful for respiratory impairment.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Tissue-specific modulation of gene expression in response to lowered insulin signalling in Drosophila

    Luke Stephen Tain et al.
    Multi-omic profiling of gene expression in response to reduced insulin/IGF-like-signalling reveals tissue-specific regulation of DNA damage and lysosomal mannosidase regulation of tissue homeostasis as pro-longevity responses.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Visuomotor learning from postdictive motor error

    Jana Masselink, Markus Lappe
    Visual, motor, and forward model gains learn from a postdictive update of space to keep perception and saccadic motor function aligned.
    1. Cell Biology

    Glucose restriction drives spatial reorganization of mevalonate metabolism

    Sean Rogers et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analyses, coupled with fluorescence imaging, reveal that spatial compartmentalization of HMG-CoA Reductases at yeast ER-lysosome contacts modulates mevalonate pathway flux during glucose restriction, enabling metabolic adaptation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Characterization and functional analysis of cathelicidin-MH, a novel frog-derived peptide with anti-septicemic properties

    Jinwei Chai et al.
    The novel cathelicidin cathelicidin-MH was identified from the skin of M. heymonsivogt frog, which protects against lipopolysaccharide- and cecal ligation and puncture-induced sepsis, effectively ameliorates multi-organ pathology, especially in lung.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Development and characterization of a chronic implant mouse model for vagus nerve stimulation

    Ibrahim T Mughrabi et al.
    Long-term, dose-controlled vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is feasible in mice using a multi-lab validated implantation procedure, allowing therapeutic testing of VNS in many disease models.
    1. Neuroscience

    A visual pathway for skylight polarization processing in Drosophila

    Ben J Hardcastle et al.
    Circuit tracing and in vivo calcium imaging reveals neurons conveying polarized light information from photoreceptors to the central brain, transforming patterns in the sky into a directional cue for navigation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Generic injuries are sufficient to induce ectopic Wnt organizers in Hydra

    Jack F Cazet et al.
    Injuries activate the oral identity-specifying canonical Wnt signaling pathway in Hydra, which can trigger head regeneration in permissive tissue contexts created by the absence of pre-existing organizers.

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