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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Whole genome comparison of a large collection of mycobacteriophages reveals a continuum of phage genetic diversity

    Welkin H Pope et al.
    A continuum of genome relationships is discovered through comparative genomics of 627 sequenced mycobacteriophages isolated and characterized in an integrated research/education initiative.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Arterial smooth muscle cell PKD2 (TRPP1) channels regulate systemic blood pressure

    Simon Bulley et al.
    Arterial myocyte PKD2 channels are activated by vasoconstrictor stimuli, which increases blood pressure, are upregulated during hypertension and cell-specific knockout in vivo reduces both physiological blood pressure and hypertension.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Translational control of ERK signaling through miRNA/4EHP-directed silencing

    Seyed Mehdi Jafarnejad et al.
    ERK/MAPK activity is regulated by the cap-binding protein 4EHP, via translational control of the DUSP6 phosphatase.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Intravascular flow stimulates PKD2 (polycystin-2) channels in endothelial cells to reduce blood pressure

    Charles E MacKay et al.
    PKD2 (polycystin-2) channels are a major component of a flow-sensing signaling mechanism in endothelial cells that stimulates vasodilation and reduces blood pressure.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Ecological multiplex interactions determine the role of species for parasite spread amplification

    Massimo Stella et al.
    Predators may amplify multiple-host parasite spreading in systems with multiple transmission routes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Regulatory polymorphisms modulate the expression of HLA class II molecules and promote autoimmunity

    Prithvi Raj et al.
    Genetic variations that underlie common autoimmune disease genes are predominantly regulatory and modify the expression of multiple genes within the HLA gene complex and throughout the immune system.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Amino acid synthesis loss in parasitoid wasps and other hymenopterans

    Xinhai Ye et al.
    The synthesis capability of some amino acids is lost during the insect evolution, and hymenopteran parasitoids can make up for these deficiencies by altering free amino acid concentrations in host.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Metazoan evolution of glutamate receptors reveals unreported phylogenetic groups and divergent lineage-specific events

    David Ramos-Vicente et al.
    The animal phylogeny of glutamate receptors indicates that vertebrate types do not account for all receptor classes originated during evolution, neither are they the pinnacle of a linear evolutive process.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Pancreatic progenitor epigenome maps prioritize type 2 diabetes risk genes with roles in development

    Ryan J Geusz et al.
    Analysis of epigenome maps from human pancreatic progenitors and functional validation in zebrafish identify LAMA1 and CRB2 as type 2 diabetes risk-associated genes with roles in pancreatic development.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Extensive translation of small Open Reading Frames revealed by Poly-Ribo-Seq

    Julie L Aspden et al.
    Thousands of small Open Reading Frames are translated, and form two distinct classes based on their translational efficiency and bioinformatic indicators.