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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase uses its NAD+ substrate-binding site to chaperone phosphorylated Tau

    Xiaojuan Ma et al.
    Mechanistic insight into the chaperone-like activity of NMNAT to phosphorylated Tau reveals a connection between NAD+metabolism and Tau homeostasis.
    1. Ecology

    Climate-driven deoxygenation elevates fishing vulnerability for the ocean's widest ranging shark

    Marisa Vedor et al.
    Habitats of satellite-tracked blue sharks were shifted surfaceward by an oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) at depth thereby increasing their susceptibility to capture by longline fishing focused above the OMZ.
    1. Plant Biology

    Multiple pairs of allelic MLA immune receptor-powdery mildew AVRA effectors argue for a direct recognition mechanism

    Isabel ML Saur et al.
    Allelic MLA immune receptors have an exceptional propensity to directly detect sequence-unrelated pathogen effectors and this feature might have facilitated functional diversification of the receptor in the host population.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Precise regulation of the guidance receptor DMA-1 by KPC-1/Furin instructs dendritic branching decisions

    Xintong Dong et al.
    The enzyme KPC-1/Furin down-regulates the DMA-1 receptor in neurons, allowing growing dendrites to migrate away from intermediate targets.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    GluN2B-containing NMDA receptors regulate depression-like behavior and are critical for the rapid antidepressant actions of ketamine

    Oliver H Miller et al.
    The rapid antidepressant actions of low dose ketamine occur through the direct relief of suppression of protein synthesis via antagonism of a subset of NMDA receptors containing the GluN2B subunit.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Medicine

    Wnt signaling enhances macrophage responses to IL-4 and promotes resolution of atherosclerosis

    Ada Weinstock et al.
    Wnt signaling is revealed to be a regulator of macrophage inflammation-resolving state in atherosclerosis through a PGE2-mediated pathway.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HIV-1 uncoating by release of viral cDNA from capsid-like structures in the nucleus of infected cells

    Thorsten G Müller et al.
    HIV-1 capsids enter the host cell nucleus, where they are partially disrupted to release the viral genome upon completion of reverse transcription.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The COMA complex interacts with Cse4 and positions Sli15/Ipl1 at the budding yeast inner kinetochore

    Josef Fischböck-Halwachs et al.
    The chromosomal passenger complex interacts with the inner kinetochore COMA complex through the Ctf19 C-terminus in vitro which is shown to be important for mediating accurate chromosome segregation.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    TRIM28 promotes HIV-1 latency by SUMOylating CDK9 and inhibiting P-TEFb

    Xiancai Ma et al.
    TRIM28 was found to be a versatile dual-function latency contributor by bridging both suppressive epigenetic modifications and RNAP II transcriptional-pausing, and can be a novel target to develop latency-reversing agents.
    1. Cell Biology

    In vivo reconstitution finds multivalent RNA–RNA interactions as drivers of mesh-like condensates

    Weirui Ma et al.
    Binding of a multivalent RNA-binding protein to mRNAs that are able to form pervasive RNA–RNA interactions induces formation of mesh-like condensates, whereas binding of mostly structured mRNAs induces sphere-like condensates.