145 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    GnT1IP-L specifically inhibits MGAT1 in the Golgi via its luminal domain

    Hung-Hsiang Huang et al.
    GnT1IP-L is a membrane bound glycoprotein that interacts with MGAT1 in the Golgi, but not in the endoplasmic reticulum, to regulate complex N-glycan synthesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Physiological and pathophysiological control of synaptic GluN2B-NMDA receptors by the C-terminal domain of amyloid precursor protein

    Paula A Pousinha et al.
    The APP intracellular domain (AICD) physiologically regulates synaptic GluN2B-containing NMDA receptor current, a process that could contribute to pathological Alzheimer's disease-related synaptic failure upon increase of AICD levels in adult neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    MEF2C regulates cortical inhibitory and excitatory synapses and behaviors relevant to neurodevelopmental disorders

    Adam J Harrington et al.
    Mice that lack the autism- and schizophrenia-linked gene MEF2C in cortical neurons have an imbalance of excitatory and inhibitory synapses, and impaired social and cognitive abilities.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Extensive cargo identification reveals distinct biological roles of the 12 importin pathways

    Makoto Kimura et al.
    Transport-based high-throughput identification of cargo proteins specific to all 12 human importin-β family nuclear import receptors revealed biological processes that the cargo cohorts of each receptor are involved in.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Epithelial magnesium transport by TRPM6 is essential for prenatal development and adult survival

    Vladimir Chubanov et al.
    Mice deficient in the TRPM6 channel suffer from impaired prenatal development, shortened lifespan, growth deficit and disturbed energy balance due to a defect in epithelial Mg2+ uptake, thus highlighting a pivotal role of TRPM6 in organismal Mg2+ homeostasis.
    1. Neuroscience

    IK1 channels do not contribute to the slow afterhyperpolarization in pyramidal neurons

    Kang Wang et al.
    The slow afterhyperpolarization that follows a burst of action potentials is a powerful regulator of neuronal excitability and is not due to IK1 (KCNN4), a member of the SK channel family.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cell autonomous regulation of hippocampal circuitry via Aph1b-γ-secretase/neuregulin 1 signalling

    Pietro Fazzari et al.
    Genetic rescue experiments reveal that γ-secretase enzymes containing Aph1b subunits control signalling by type III neuregulin 1, with implications for schizophrenia.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Subdued, a TMEM16 family Ca2+-activated Cl channel in Drosophila melanogaster with an unexpected role in host defense

    Xiu Ming Wong et al.
    A newly characterized calcium-activated chloride channel has been implicated in the immune system of Drosophila, shedding light on an enigmatic family of transmembrane proteins that are ubiquitous in nature.
    1. Cell Biology

    The influence of dynein processivity control, MAPs, and microtubule ends on directional movement of a localising mRNA

    Harish Chandra Soundararajan, Simon L Bullock
    In vitro reconstitution of mRNA motility reveals the basis of directionally biased motion by groups of motors, their response to potential obstacles, and the consequences of reaching microtubule ends.
    1. Neuroscience

    AMPA receptor mediated synaptic excitation drives state-dependent bursting in Purkinje neurons of zebrafish larvae

    Mohini Sengupta, Vatsala Thirumalai
    In vivo recordings in unanesthetized zebrafish larvae show that Purkinje neurons have two stable membrane potential states and that climbing fiber inputs can toggle them to up states during motor episodes.

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