1,669 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    A dual role for Cav1.4 Ca2+ channels in the molecular and structural organization of the rod photoreceptor synapse

    J Wesley Maddox et al.
    Ca2+ influx through Cav1.4 channels is required for the structural, but not the molecular organization of the rod photoreceptor synapse.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Secondary ossification center induces and protects growth plate structure

    Meng Xie et al.
    The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Dynamics of nevus development implicate cell cooperation in the growth arrest of transformed melanocytes

    Rolando Ruiz-Vega et al.
    Spontaneous growth arrest of transformed melanocytes (resulting in benign “moles”) does not result from cell-autonomous oncogene-induced senescence, but can be explained by collective mechanisms used in normal tissue size control.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Distinct clonal evolution of B-cells in HIV controllers with neutralizing antibody breadth

    Deniz Cizmeci et al.
    Extended somatic hypermutation and clonal evolution associated with antibody neutralization breath in HIV controllers with low plasma viral loads provide promise for HIV vaccine development.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptotagmin-7 places dense-core vesicles at the cell membrane to promote Munc13-2- and Ca2+-dependent priming

    Bassam Tawfik et al.
    Synaptotagmin-7 acts synergistically with synaptotagmin-1 by placing vesicles close to the plasma membrane within reach of the SNARE/Munc13-complex, supporting their priming and setting the stage for fast and slow fusion.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Medicine

    Iron derived from autophagy-mediated ferritin degradation induces cardiomyocyte death and heart failure in mice

    Jumpei Ito et al.
    Iron derived from autophagy-mediated ferritin degradation in response to pressure overload induces lipid peroxidation, necrotic cardiomyocyte death, and heart failure in mice.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Reactive oxygen species oxidize STING and suppress interferon production

    Lili Tao et al.
    Redox modification of STING represents a novel target for interferon regulation and control of herpesvirus replication.
    1. Cell Biology

    Cortical bone maturation in mice requires SOCS3 suppression of gp130/STAT3 signalling in osteocytes

    Emma C Walker et al.
    Targeted SOCS3 null mice reveal that maturation of cortical bone comprises both pore closure and accumulation of high density bone, requiring local suppression of gp130-STAT3 in osteocytes and subsequent osteoclastogenesis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Deep generative models for T cell receptor protein sequences

    Kristian Davidsen et al.
    Deep learning improves estimation of T cell receptor cohort frequencies and learns the rules of VDJ recombination, potentially making it helpful for vaccine design.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology

    In-depth human plasma proteome analysis captures tissue proteins and transfer of protein variants across the placenta

    Maria Pernemalm et al.
    Comprehensive mass spectrometry analysis of human plasma proteome reveals tissue leakage proteins, describes variability between individual plasma proteomes and demonstrates protein transfer across the placenta during pregnancy.

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