11 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The conserved aspartate ring of MCU mediates MICU1 binding and regulation in the mitochondrial calcium uniporter complex

    Charles B Phillips et al.
    Biochemical analysis reveals molecular mechanisms underlying the activation of the mitochondrial Ca2+ uniporter by intracellular Ca2+ signals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    MCU encodes the pore conducting mitochondrial calcium currents

    Dipayan Chaudhuri et al.
    Genetic and electrophysiological experiments reveal that a gene called MCU encodes the ion channel pore that allows calcium ions to cross the inner mitochondrial membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Ion Channels: Keeping a lid on calcium uptake

    Vivek Garg, Yuriy Kirichok
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Mitochondria supply ATP to the ER through a mechanism antagonized by cytosolic Ca2+

    Jing Yong et al.
    ATP enters the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) lumen through an SLC35B1/AXER-dependentCaATiER mechanism, and ATP usage in the ER renders 'anti-Warburg' effect by increasing ATP regeneration from OxPhos while decreasing glycolysis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A druggable secretory protein maturase of Toxoplasma essential for invasion and egress

    Sunil Kumar Dogga et al.
    An aspartyl protease is essential for the lytic cycle of Toxoplasma gondii and is involved in the maturation of proteins critical for invasion and egress, and it can be targeted selectively with an ethylamine scaffold based peptidomimetic inhibitor.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The RNF168 paralog RNF169 defines a new class of ubiquitylated histone reader involved in the response to DNA damage

    Julianne Kitevski-LeBlanc et al.
    A structural model of the dynamic complex comprising the histone reader RNF169 bound to an ubiquitylated nucleosome core particle reveals a three-pronged binding mechanism, which provides specificity for the recognition of DNA double-strand break sites.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Dual functions of a small regulatory subunit in the mitochondrial calcium uniporter complex

    Ming-Feng Tsai et al.
    Studies of EMRE, one of the four essential protein subunits in the mitochondrial calcium uniporter complex that regulates calcium ion levels in mitochondria, reveal new details about the physical interactions between the subunits.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Heterogeneity and stochastic growth regulation of biliary epithelial cells dictate dynamic epithelial tissue remodeling

    Kenji Kamimoto et al.
    Clonal tracing in vivo and quantitative modeling in silico reveal a unique mode of tissue growth and structural remodeling of the biliary system, providing an insight into the cellular basis for robust liver regeneration.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake by the voltage-dependent anion channel 2 regulates cardiac rhythmicity

    Hirohito Shimizu et al.
    Enhancing mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake effectively suppresses aberrant Ca2+ induced arrhythmogenic events in zebrafish, mouse and human cardiomyocytes, demonstrating a critical role for mitochondria in the regulation of cardiac rhythmicity.
    1. Cell Biology

    Mitochondrial flashes regulate ATP homeostasis in the heart

    Xianhua Wang et al.
    Mitochondrial flashes counteract the imbalance of ATP supply-and-demand and constitute an auto-regulator of ATP homeostasis in the heart.

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