The use of stone tools by macaques in Thailand has reduced the size and population density of coastal shellfish; previously it was thought that tool-assisted overharvesting effects resulted uniquely from human activity.
The multiple component mechanisms of extra-classical receptive field modulation, with distinct dynamics, discovered in the monkey visual cortex have important implications for understanding contextual perceptual processing.
Lipocalin-2 is a strong predictor of hunger scores, reflects an anti-obesity response that is deregulated in severely obese subjects, and exerts an anorexigenic function with a conserved interspecies mechanism.
A hub in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex receives unusually high and functionally diverse inputs, providing a biological interface between motivation, incentive based learning, and decision making.
Electrophysiological recordings in monkeys reveal that cerebellar complex spikes encode future reward size when reward information is first made available, but not during reward delivery or smooth pursuit eye movement.
This comprehensive transcriptomic resource of dormant and replicating malaria liver parasites highlights the dearth of pathways that operate in the hypnozoites and the need to investigate druggability (i.e. selectivity and safety) of core pathways in malaria parasites.