604 results found
    1. Plant Biology

    The genetic architecture of host response reveals the importance of arbuscular mycorrhizae to maize cultivation

    M Rosario Ramírez-Flores et al.
    Heritable variation in the benefit maize plants receive from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi supports the feasibility of breeding crops to optimize use of this ancient symbiosis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    A secreted Ustilago maydis effector promotes virulence by targeting anthocyanin biosynthesis in maize

    Shigeyuki Tanaka et al.
    A fungal effector secreted by the corn smut pathogen increases the virulence of the pathogen by elevating anthocyanin production and reducing lignification in maize.
    1. Plant Biology

    Accurate and versatile 3D segmentation of plant tissues at cellular resolution

    Adrian Wolny et al.
    Convolutional neural networks and graph partitioning algorithms can be combined into an easy-to-use tool for segmentation of cells in dense plant tissue volumes imaged with light microscopy.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Transposition-mediated DNA re-replication in maize

    Jianbo Zhang et al.
    Transposition reactions that occur during DNA replication and involve the termini of adjacent transposons can induce genome expansion by re-replication of transposon-flanking sequences.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Reticulon proteins modulate autophagy of the endoplasmic reticulum in maize endosperm

    Xiaoguo Zhang et al.
    Plant reticulons bind Atg8 under ER stress to promote reticulophagy and ameliorate ER stress in the maize endosperm.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Symptom evolution following the emergence of maize streak virus

    Adérito L Monjane et al.
    Phylogenetic analyses demonstrate an evolutionary trade-off between the amount of harm inflicted by a broad host-range virus and how effectively the virus positions itself within plants to enable onward transmission.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics
    Maize illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Genetic, evolutionary and plant breeding insights from the domestication of maize

    Sarah Hake, Jeffrey Ross-Ibarra
    Comparing maize to its wild ancestor teosinte advances our understanding of how it and other cereal crops evolved, and also identifies the genetic variation that can contribute to important agricultural traits.
    1. Plant Biology

    The CLAVATA receptor FASCIATED EAR2 responds to distinct CLE peptides by signaling through two downstream effectors

    Byoung Il Je et al.
    The maize CLAVATA receptor, FEA2, functions in the perception of two different ligands, and remarkably that signaling from these different inputs is differentiated by the receptor interacting with two different downstream components.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    EphrinB2-EphB4 signalling provides Rho-mediated homeostatic control of lymphatic endothelial cell junction integrity

    Maike Frye et al.
    EphrinB2/EphB4-mediated regulation of cytoskeletal contractility is a key homeostatic mechanism of lymphatic endothelial cell-cell junction maintenance, and provides a potential target for therapeutic modulation of lymphatic vessel permeability and function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Place cells on a maze encode routes rather than destinations

    Roddy M Grieves et al.
    Place cells in the rat hippocampus encode positions along well-learned routes as opposed to intended destinations.

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