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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A novel L1CAM isoform with angiogenic activity generated by NOVA2-mediated alternative splicing

    Francesca Angiolini et al.
    Endothelial cells express a soluble isoform of the L1CAM cell adhesion molecule that is generated by the splicing factor NOVA2 and induces angiogenesis, with relevant implications for ovarian cancer vascularization.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Discovery and characterization of a prevalent human gut bacterial enzyme sufficient for the inactivation of a family of plant toxins

    Nitzan Koppel et al.
    A unique, widely distributed gut bacterial enzyme selectively metabolizes plant-derived cardiac glycoside drugs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Identification of octopaminergic neurons that modulate sleep suppression by male sex drive

    Daniel R Machado et al.
    The balance between sleep and sex drives determines whether male flies sleep or court, and a subset of octopaminergic neurons interact with the Fruitless-expressing courtship circuit to suppress sleep for sustained courtship.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    LARP4 mRNA codon-tRNA match contributes to LARP4 activity for ribosomal protein mRNA poly(A) tail length protection

    Sandy Mattijssen et al.
    The messenger RNA encoding La-related protein-4 (LARP4) contains a short region of instability whose codon clusters are sensitive to low abundance tRNAs that when elevated increase LARP4 activity for poly(A) lengthening of ribosomal protein mRNAs and other mRNAs.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    CRISPR/Cas9 and active genetics-based trans-species replacement of the endogenous Drosophila kni-L2 CRM reveals unexpected complexity

    Xiang-Ru Shannon Xu et al.
    Dissection of a cis-regulatory element (CRM) in its native chromosomal context using CRISPR/Cas9 editing and novel 'Active Genetics' reveals new features of CRM function and insights into how such regulatory elements change during evolution.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Tuned polymerization of the transcription factor Yan limits off-DNA sequestration to confer context-specific repression

    C Matthew Hope et al.
    Tuned protein–protein interaction affinity optimizes the repressive function of the ETS family transcription factor Yan in order to contribute specificity and robustness to cell fate specification in the developing Drosophila eye.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    DPP9 is a novel component of the N-end rule pathway targeting the tyrosine kinase Syk

    Daniela Justa-Schuch et al.
    Cleavage of Syk, a central kinase in B-cell signalling, by DPP9 leads to Syk degradation, identifying novel roles for DPP9 in Syk signaling and in the N-end rule pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Protein sequences bound to mineral surfaces persist into deep time

    Beatrice Demarchi et al.
    A chemically unstable ostrich eggshell peptide survives for at least 3.8 million years at the equator, stabilized by strong mineral interactions.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    GUY1 confers complete female lethality and is a strong candidate for a male-determining factor in Anopheles stephensi

    Frank Criscione et al.
    Evidence that the small GUY1 protein is a strong candidate for being a male-determining factor is provided via the establishment of Guy1 transgenic lines of mosquitoes that confer complete and stable female lethality.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genome-wide identification of lineage and locus specific variation associated with pneumococcal carriage duration

    John A Lees et al.
    Sequence changes in the pneumococcal genome explain most of the variability in duration of asymptomatic carriage with serotype, antibiotic resistance and prophage accounting for the largest effects.