4,163 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Phylogenetic variation in cortical layer II immature neuron reservoir of mammals

    Chiara La Rosa et al.
    The higher amount of cortical immature neurons in brains with expanded neocortices may represent a reservoir of young cells for mammals with reduced neurogenesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Rational design of aptazyme riboswitches for efficient control of gene expression in mammalian cells

    Guocai Zhong et al.
    An empirically derived scoring system for identifying optimal communication modules of aptazymes accelerates the development of ligand-responsive RNA genetic switches functional in mammalian cells.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Transient role of the middle ear as a lower jaw support across mammals

    Neal Anthwal et al.
    The incus of the middle ear plays a role in supporting the lower jaw prior to the formation of the mammalian jaw joint allowing early feeding in monotremes and marsupials.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Microneedle manipulation of the mammalian spindle reveals specialized, short-lived reinforcement near chromosomes

    Pooja Suresh et al.
    Directly exerting force on the mammalian spindle reveals local and short-lived reinforcement in the spindle center, well-suited to preserve connections to chromosomes over seconds and yet allow remodeling over minutes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Pan-mammalian analysis of molecular constraints underlying extended lifespan

    Amanda Kowalczyk et al.
    Cancer control, DNA repair, and immunity are key functionalities underlying the evolution of extended lifespan in mammals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Efficient analysis of mammalian polysomes in cells and tissues using Ribo Mega-SEC

    Harunori Yoshikawa et al.
    Translationally active polysomes from mammalian cells/tissues are successfully separated with rapidity, high efficiency and exceptional reproducibility by a SEC-based approach, an accessible alternative to the conventional sucrose density gradient analysis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Recurrent loss of HMGCS2 shows that ketogenesis is not essential for the evolution of large mammalian brains

    David Jebb, Michael Hiller
    The evolutionary loss of the main enzyme required for ketone body biosynthesis suggests that alternative strategies to provide energy for large brains during fasting evolved repeatedly in mammals.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    A cerebellar substrate for cognition evolved multiple times independently in mammals

    Jeroen B Smaers et al.
    Multiple independent directional selection events on a neural substrate that underpins domain-general associative abilities partly explains independent occurrences of complex behavior in different lineages of mammals.
    1. Ecology

    Mammal communities are larger and more diverse in moderately developed areas

    Arielle Waldstein Parsons et al.
    Citizen science camera trapping showing suburban and wild areas maintain similar levels of mammalian diversity and relative abundance, challenging conventional thoughts about the impacts of urbanization on wildlife.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Viruses are a dominant driver of protein adaptation in mammals

    David Enard et al.
    Viruses drive adaptation at the scale of the whole proteome and not only in antiviral proteins in mammalian hosts.

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