47 results found
    1. Ecology
    2. Neuroscience

    Feeding-induced rearrangement of green leaf volatiles reduces moth oviposition

    Silke Allmann et al.
    The ability of Manduca moths to recognize changes in the profile of volatile compounds released by plants being attacked by Manduca caterpillars allows them to lay their eggs on plants that are less likely to be attacked by insects and other predators, and to avoid competing against other caterpillars of the same species for resources.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Plant Biology

    Hawkmoths evaluate scenting flowers with the tip of their proboscis

    Alexander Haverkamp et al.
    Building on previous work (Kessler et al., 2015), it is shown that long-tongued hawkmoths assess individual flowers by smelling floral odors with olfactory neurons on their proboscises, and that this close-range perception is crucial for successful pollination and foraging.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Allosteric activation of the nitric oxide receptor soluble guanylate cyclase mapped by cryo-electron microscopy

    Benjamin G Horst et al.
    The full-length structures of the mammalian nitric oxide receptor reveal the molecular activation steps and a binding site for the prototype of FDA-approved stimulators.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    How scent and nectar influence floral antagonists and mutualists

    Danny Kessler et al.
    Floral scent and nectar are highly variable in natural populations and both traits can influence outcrossing rates differently for different pollinators and increase future herbivory.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Herbivory-induced volatiles function as defenses increasing fitness of the native plant Nicotiana attenuata in nature

    Meredith C Schuman et al.
    A 2-year field study has demonstrated that volatile compounds produced by plants when they are attacked by herbivores act as defenses by attracting predators to the herbivores and increasing the reproduction of the plants.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Plant defense phenotypes determine the consequences of volatile emission for individuals and neighbors

    Meredith C Schuman et al.
    Both the frequency of sesquiterpene-emitting individuals and the defense capacity of individual plants determine the consequences of sesquiterpene volatile emission for individuals and their neighbors in populations of the wild tobacco Nicotiana attenuata.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Nitric oxide radicals are emitted by wasp eggs to kill mold fungi

    Erhard Strohm et al.
    To protect their food and themselves against detrimental mould fungi, the eggs of a wasp species synthesize and emit remarkable amounts of gaseous nitrogen oxides that are highly effective antimicrobials.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct protocerebral neuropils associated with attractive and aversive female-produced odorants in the male moth brain

    Jonas Hansen Kymre et al.
    Electrophysiological and morphological identification of individual pheromone projection neurons in male moth reveals a coding system for optimizing mate search strategy, including computation of three female-produced signals in distinct protocerebral regions.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Pollination: How to get the best deal

    Kelsey JRP Byers, Florian P Schiestl
    Insight
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