116 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Evolution of pathogen tolerance and emerging infections: A missing experimental paradigm

    Srijan Seal et al.
    An integrated empirical paradigm tracing immune strategies, underlying mechanisms and infection outcomes across reservoir host-pathogen systems, their specific ecological contexts, life-history features, and coevolutionary dynamics can reveal the actual patterns and processes underlying spillover in the wild.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Processing of the ribosomal ubiquitin-like fusion protein FUBI-eS30/FAU is required for 40S maturation and depends on USP36

    Jasmin van den Heuvel et al.
    Endoproteolytic cleavage of the ribosomal precursor protein FUBI-eS30 is required for efficient maturation of small ribosomal subunits in the cytoplasm of human cells and involves the nucleolar deubiquitinase USP36.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Respiratory and intestinal epithelial cells exhibit differential susceptibility and innate immune responses to contemporary EV-D68 isolates

    Megan Culler Freeman et al.
    Parallel studies in primary human airway cells and stem cell-derived enteroids show that Enterovirus D-68 differentially infects and induces innate immune signaling in the respiratory and intestinal epithelium.
    1. Neuroscience

    A bidirectional corticoamygdala circuit for the encoding and retrieval of detailed reward memories

    Ana C Sias et al.
    The bidirectional orbitofrontal cortex-basolateral amygdala circuit helps us to learn the details of predicted rewarding events and then to use that information to make good reward pursuit decisions.
    1. Cell Biology

    Single-cell transcriptomics defines heterogeneity of epicardial cells and fibroblasts within the infarcted murine heart

    Julia Hesse et al.
    The transcriptional landscape of epicardial cells revealed 11 cell populations that differentially expressed early cardiac genes and numerous cardioprotective paracrine factors defining their regenerative potential.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Medicine

    Polymerization of misfolded Z alpha-1 antitrypsin protein lowers CX3CR1 expression in human PBMCs

    Srinu Tumpara et al.
    Finding that circulating Z alpha-1 antitrypsin polymers, a feature of ZZ AAT deficiency, lower the expression of CX3CR1 on peripheral blood mononuclear cells encourages more detailed analyses on different circulating misfolded proteins and their role on immune cell surveillance/function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cellular, circuit and transcriptional framework for modulation of itch in the central amygdala

    Vijay K Samineni et al.
    Circuit and transcriptional analysis shows that genetically defined central amygdala neurons and their projections to the ventral periaqueductal gray mediate behavioral and affective responses to pruritus.
    1. Medicine

    Targeting a cell surface vitamin D receptor on tumor-associated macrophages in triple-negative breast cancer

    Fernanda I Staquicini et al.
    A peptide motif targeting tumor-infiltrating macrophage in triple-negative breast cancer delays tumor growth and favors an antitumor immune response.
    1. Neuroscience

    Midbrain dopaminergic inputs gate amygdala intercalated cell clusters by distinct and cooperative mechanisms in male mice

    Ayla Aksoy-Aksel et al.
    Dopaminergic input shapes activity of specialized amygdala inhibitory cell clusters by ionotropic and metabotropic mechanisms that may enable their selection during distinct fear-related behavioral states.
    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    AAV-Txnip prolongs cone survival and vision in mouse models of retinitis pigmentosa

    Yunlu Xue et al.
    AAV-Txnip prolongs vision in mouse models of blindness, enhancing lactate catabolism, mitochondrial health, and ATP production in a condition that likely has a limited glucose supply.

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