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    1. Cell Biology

    Two subunits of human ORC are dispensable for DNA replication and proliferation

    Etsuko Shibata et al.
    Human cell lines replicate and proliferate without ORC1 or ORC2, two subunits of the replication initiator protein complex ORC, which has till now been considered essential for DNA replication.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Deciphering the regulatory genome of Escherichia coli, one hundred promoters at a time

    William T Ireland et al.
    A combination of massively parallel reporter assays and mass spectrometry uncovers the regulation of previously unexplored promoters across the Escherichia coli genome.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The origins and relatedness structure of mixed infections vary with local prevalence of P. falciparum malaria

    Sha Joe Zhu et al.
    Variation in the rate of mixed infections by malaria parasites and the relatedness structure among infecting strains reveals diversity in local epidemiological processes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    ATR/Mec1 prevents lethal meiotic recombination initiation on partially replicated chromosomes in budding yeast

    Hannah G Blitzblau, Andreas Hochwagen
    During meiosis, budding yeast use a checkpoint involving the protein Mec1 to prevent the formation of double-strand breaks in DNA that has not completed replication.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    A new class of disordered elements controls DNA replication through initiator self-assembly

    Matthew W Parker et al.
    DNA replication initiation proteins contain a disordered domain that impacts each stage of their function, from chromatin recruitment and initiator co-assembly to the subsequent displacement of the factors from chromatin.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Intrinsic cooperativity potentiates parallel cis-regulatory evolution

    Trevor R Sorrells et al.
    Cooperativity between two transcription regulators occurs through protein-protein interactions with a general transcription factor complex and potentiates the parallel evolution of their DNA binding sites.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Combined ALK and MDM2 inhibition increases antitumor activity and overcomes resistance in human ALK mutant neuroblastoma cell lines and xenograft models

    Hui Qin Wang et al.
    The combination of ceritinib with CGM097 demonstrates remarkable antitumor activity in TP53 wild-type neuroblastoma models with ALK aberrations and is able to overcome the resistance acquired during ceritinib treatment.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Loss of Ptpn11 (Shp2) drives satellite cells into quiescence

    Joscha Griger et al.
    The stem cells of the postnatal muscle allow postnatal muscle growth and repair and withdraw from the cell cycle when the tyrosine phosphatase Ptpn11 (Shp2) is inhibited or mutated in mice.
    1. Cancer Biology

    SPIN1 promotes tumorigenesis by blocking the uL18 (universal large ribosomal subunit protein 18)-MDM2-p53 pathway in human cancer

    Ziling Fang et al.
    SPIN1, a nucleolar protein, plays an oncogenic role by suppressing the tumor suppressor p53's function via regulation of the uL18-MDM2-p53 pathway.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Integrated transcriptomic and neuroimaging brain model decodes biological mechanisms in aging and Alzheimer’s disease

    Quadri Adewale et al.
    Identification of causal genes and their effects on other biological determinants untangles the complexities of aging and Alzheimer's and can facilitate drug discovery for sustaining healthy aging and treating Alzheimer's.