1,143 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibition of protein synthesis in M1 of monkeys disrupts performance of sequential movements guided by memory

    Machiko Ohbayashi
    Inhibition of protein synthesis in primary motor cortex (M1) of monkeys disrupted the performance of skilled sequential movements suggesting that M1 is involved in maintenance of skilled sequential movements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Subthalamic, not striatal, activity correlates with basal ganglia downstream activity in normal and parkinsonian monkeys

    Marc Deffains et al.
    The spiking activity of the subthalamic nucleus, rather than the activity of striatal projection neurons, orchestrates basal ganglia downstream activity and output commands in health and Parkinson’s disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Disparate substrates for head gaze following and face perception in the monkey superior temporal sulcus

    Karolina Marciniak et al.
    A distinct cortical region serves head gaze following, and is needed to establish joint attention with others and to ultimately develop a theory of others' mind.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Immune genes are hotspots of shared positive selection across birds and mammals

    Allison J Shultz, Timothy B Sackton
    Pathogens, particularly viruses, target the same genes over deep evolutionary time, resulting in shared signatures of positive selection and transcriptional responses at the same genes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Receptor-driven, multimodal mapping of cortical areas in the macaque monkey intraparietal sulcus

    Meiqi Niu et al.
    The macaque monkey intraparietal sulcus encompasses 17 cyto- and receptorarchitectonically distinct areas, which can be grouped into three clusters based on (dis)similarities of their molecular structure.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Compensatory evolution drives multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in Central Asia

    Matthias Merker et al.
    The genetic make-up of dominating MDR-TB clades in Central Asia is shaped by programmatic and socio-economic changes that led to fixation of resistance and bacterial fitness related mutations in the Soviet era.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    A multispecies coalescent model for quantitative traits

    Fábio K Mendes et al.
    A model for evolutionary inferences at both micro- and macroevolutionary scales is proposed and evaluated theoretically and through simulations.
    1. Neuroscience

    PreBötzinger complex neurons drive respiratory modulation of blood pressure and heart rate

    Clément Menuet et al.
    The PreBötzinger complex, which contains neurons that are the kernel for inspiratory rhythm generation, also contains sympathoexcitatory and parasympathoinhibitory neurons that drive respiratory-phase oscillations in blood pressure and heart rate.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Heart Development and Regeneration: Metabolism makes and mends the heart

    Megan L Martik
    Experiments in zebrafish have shed new light on the relationship between development and regeneration in the heart.
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