120 results found
    1. Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor-based combination antiretroviral therapy is associated with lower cell-associated HIV RNA and DNA levels compared to protease inhibitor-based therapy

    Alexander O Pasternak et al.
    In two independent cohorts, NNRTI-based cART regimens are associated with significantly lower cell-associated HIV RNA levels than PI-based regimens, suggesting more potent suppression of residual virus replication by NNRTI-based regimens.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Evolution of pathogen tolerance and emerging infections: A missing experimental paradigm

    Srijan Seal et al.
    An integrated empirical paradigm tracing immune strategies, underlying mechanisms and infection outcomes across reservoir host-pathogen systems, their specific ecological contexts, life-history features, and coevolutionary dynamics can reveal the actual patterns and processes underlying spillover in the wild.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Understanding patterns of HIV multi-drug resistance through models of temporal and spatial drug heterogeneity

    Alison F Feder et al.
    In triple-drug-treated HIV, partially resistant viruses can spread and resistance to specific drugs evolves in a predictable order, potentially a result of spatial or temporal heterogeneity in drug concentrations.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Disease: Deciphering the triad of infection, immunity and pathology

    Frederik Graw
    The factors which drive and control disease progression can be inferred from mathematical models that integrate measures of immune responses, data from tissue sampling and markers of infection dynamics.
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    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Dynamically linking influenza virus infection kinetics, lung injury, inflammation, and disease severity

    Margaret A Myers et al.
    Important nonlinear links between infection, inflammation, and disease severity were revealed using experimentally validated mathematical models.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Insulin-producing β-cells regenerate ectopically from a mesodermal origin under the perturbation of hemato-endothelial specification

    Ka-Cheuk Liu et al.
    Genetic analyses revealed the remarkable plasticity of mesodermal cells to differentiate across the germ layers to form insulin-producing β-cells, which are normally of endodermal origin.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Revisiting the guidelines for ending isolation for COVID-19 patients

    Yong Dam Jeong et al.
    Compared with the approach isolating COVID-19 patients for a fixed period, the approach using repeated PCR testing mitigates unnecessarily lengthy isolation of patients while minimizing the risk of further transmission.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    RAL GTPases mediate EGFR-driven intestinal stem cell proliferation and tumourigenesis

    Máté Nászai et al.
    Combined genetic experiments and cellular trafficking assays in Drosophila and mammalian models uncover a new role of RAS-like GTPases in EGFR signalling activation during tissue regeneration and tumourigenesis through regulation of EGFR internalisation.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Optimal evolutionary decision-making to store immune memory

    Oskar H Schnaack, Armita Nourmohammad
    Actively regulated immune memory differentiation, with a preference for cross-reactive receptors with moderate affinity against pathogens as opposed to high-affinity receptors, confers a long-term benefit to the host.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Co-regulation and function of FOXM1/RHNO1 bidirectional genes in cancer

    Carter J Barger et al.
    FOXM1 is co-expressed with its bidirectional gene partner RHNO1, and the two genes promote DNA repair, cell growth and survival, and chemotherapy resistance in ovarian cancer.

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