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24 results found
    1. Cell Biology

    Metformin extends C. elegans lifespan through lysosomal pathway

    Jie Chen et al.
    Metformin extends C. elegans lifespan through lysosome-dependent coordination of TORC1 and AMPK pathways.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    AMP-activated protein kinase fortifies epithelial tight junctions during energetic stress via its effector GIV/Girdin

    Nicolas Aznar et al.
    An effector of AMPK is essential for the kinase and its pharmacological activators, including Metformin, to strengthen cell-cell junctions and preserve epithelial cell polarity and barrier functions in the face of energetic stress, as well as to suppress oncogenesis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Akt regulation of glycolysis mediates bioenergetic stability in epithelial cells

    Yin P Hung et al.
    Individual cells display heterogeneous fluctuations in metabolic activity, with amplitude and kinetics controlled by interlocking feedbacks between glycolysis and the Insulin/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    ANGPTL4 mediates shuttling of lipid fuel to brown adipose tissue during sustained cold exposure

    Wieneke Dijk et al.
    During sustained cold exposure, lipid fuel is specifically directed towards brown adipose tissue, but not white adipose tissue, via cold-induced regulation of Angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4).
    1. Neuroscience

    Metformin reverses early cortical network dysfunction and behavior changes in Huntington’s disease

    Isabelle Arnoux et al.
    In a premanifest mouse model of Huntington's disease at a stage very far from disease onset, significant network and behavior dysregulation was found, being rebalanced by treatment with metformin.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Integration of genomics and transcriptomics predicts diabetic retinopathy susceptibility genes

    Andrew D Skol et al.
    Integrating gene expression with genetic association data provided insights into the functional relevance of genetic risk for a complex disease, thus implicating folliculin as a putative diabetic retinopathy susceptibility gene.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Mouse brain transcriptome responses to inhaled nanoparticulate matter differed by sex and APOE in Nrf2-Nfkb interactions

    Amin Haghani et al.
    Transcriptome analysis of mouse brain revealed that the APOE4 allele and sex can alter air pollution neurotoxicity in adults.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Neuronal TORC1 modulates longevity via AMPK and cell nonautonomous regulation of mitochondrial dynamics in C. elegans

    Yue Zhang et al.
    Modulating the nutrient sensor TORC1 only in neurons in C. elegans is sufficient to regulate systemic longevity via inter-tissue signals that remodel mitochondria networks in non neuronal cells.
    1. Medicine

    Parathyroid hormone attenuates osteoarthritis pain by remodeling subchondral bone in mice

    Qi Sun et al.
    Parathyroid hormone attenuates osteoarthritis pain and joint degeneration by modification of subchondral bone remodeling and could be a potential disease-modifying therapy for osteoarthritis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The antibiotic bedaquiline activates host macrophage innate immune resistance to bacterial infection

    Alexandre Giraud-Gatineau et al.
    The anti-tuberculosis drug bedaquiline reprograms human macrophages into potent bactericidal phagocytes, which are able to control bacterial infection.

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