11 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure and transport mechanism of the sodium/proton antiporter MjNhaP1

    Cristina Paulino et al.
    The inward-open and outward-open structures of MjNhaP1 explain the mechanism of electroneutral sodium-proton antiport across the cell membrane.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Archaeal TFEα/β is a hybrid of TFIIE and the RNA polymerase III subcomplex hRPC62/39

    Fabian Blombach et al.
    An archaeal basal transcription factor containing an iron-sulphur cluster sheds light on the evolution of transcription machineries in archaea and eukaryotes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Effective use of a horizontally-transferred pathway for dichloromethane catabolism requires post–transfer refinement

    Joshua K Michener et al.
    Adapting bacteria to use an introduced metabolic pathway recapitulates natural mutations and offers a novel bioremediation strategy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    pH- and sodium-induced changes in a sodium/proton antiporter

    Cristina Paulino, Werner Kühlbrandt
    Sodium ions but not protons induce defined helix movements in a sodium/proton antiporter and suggest a mechanism for Na + binding and transport.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Activation of a nucleotide-dependent RCK domain requires binding of a cation cofactor to a conserved site

    Celso M Teixeira-Duarte et al.
    Cations are essential cofactors in the ATP activation mechanism of the KtrAB cation channel and appear to be cofactors of many other nucleotide-dependent RCK domains.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Multiple serine transposase dimers assemble the transposon-end synaptic complex during IS607-family transposition

    Wenyang Chen et al.
    Genetic, structural, and biochemical analyses of IS607-family transposons shows that the DNA translocation reaction proceeds very differently from other reactions promoted by serine recombinases.
    1. Neuroscience

    NMNAT1 inhibits axon degeneration via blockade of SARM1-mediated NAD+ depletion

    Yo Sasaki et al.
    Axonal metabolic flux analysis demonstrates that expression of NMNAT1 blocks axonal degeneration in cultured mouse neurons not by altering NAD+ synthesis, but rather by inhibiting injury-induced, SARM1-dependent NAD+ consumption.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Recognition of the small regulatory RNA RydC by the bacterial Hfq protein

    Daniela Dimastrogiovanni et al.
    The regulatory RNA RydC binds to Hfq to make an effector complex for the recognition of targeted mRNA in the regulation of genetic information.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Roles of the membrane-reentrant β-hairpin-like loop of RseP protease in selective substrate cleavage

    Koichiro Akiyama et al.
    Mutational analysis and biochemical experiments suggest that the conserved β-hairpin-like membrane-reentrant loop of RseP - an S2P family intramembrane cleaving protease - helps to discriminate substrates by directly interacting with their transmembrane segments.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Post-translational thioamidation of methyl-coenzyme M reductase, a key enzyme in methanogenic and methanotrophic Archaea

    Dipti D Nayak et al.
    Post-translational installation of thioglycine in methyl-coenzyme M reductase in the methanogenic archaeon Methanosarcina acetivorans is mediated by the tfuA-ycaO locus and stabilizes the protein secondary structure near the active site.

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