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    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    MUL1 acts in parallel to the PINK1/parkin pathway in regulating mitofusin and compensates for loss of PINK1/parkin

    Jina Yun et al.
    By reducing mitochondrial fusion, MUL1 compensates for the mutations in PINK1 or parkin that underlie certain cases of Parkinson's disease.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Transient intracellular acidification regulates the core transcriptional heat shock response

    Catherine G Triandafillou et al.
    When translation stops, cells require intracellular acidification to turn on the conserved heat shock response during stress, and stress-triggered acidification (common in eukaryotes) is adaptive, promoting cell and population fitness.
    1. Neuroscience

    Peroxisomal dysfunctions cause lysosomal storage and axonal Kv1 channel redistribution in peripheral neuropathy

    Sandra Kleinecke et al.
    Dysfunctions of myelin peroxisomes cause a lysosomal storage-like disorder associated with alterations in glial and axonal membranes, which is the likely cause of nerve impairment in peroxisomal disorders.
    1. Neuroscience

    A multilayer circuit architecture for the generation of distinct locomotor behaviors in Drosophila

    Aref Arzan Zarin et al.
    Generation of a premotor/motor neuron comprehensive TEM reconstruction, functional optogenetics, and recurrent network modeling reveals different phase relationships among a subset of Drosophila motor neurons in forward versus backward locomotion.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A new experimental platform facilitates assessment of the transcriptional and chromatin landscapes of aging yeast

    David G Hendrickson et al.
    A new technology for obtaining aged yeast cells helps reveal a striking connection between aging, slow growth, and stress.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    O-GlcNAc on NOTCH1 EGF repeats regulates ligand-induced Notch signaling and vascular development in mammals

    Shogo Sawaguchi et al.
    The transfer of O-GlcNAc by EOGT to specific EGF repeats of NOTCH1 promotes DLL4 binding, Notch signaling, and retinal vascular development.
    1. Cell Biology

    Elimination of paternal mitochondria in mouse embryos occurs through autophagic degradation dependent on PARKIN and MUL1

    Rebecca Rojansky et al.
    The uniparental inheritance of mammalian mitochondria results from elimination of paternal mitochondria by a mitophagic process that requires the E3 ubiquitin ligases PARKIN and MUL1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Peroxiredoxin promotes longevity and H2O2-resistance in yeast through redox-modulation of protein kinase A

    Friederike Roger et al.
    The major cytosolic yeast peroxiredoxin Tsa1 controls aging and H2O2-resistance by inhibiting protein kinase A through a conserved cysteine in the catalytic subunit activation loop and not by scavenging H2O2.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Integrating images from multiple microscopy screens reveals diverse patterns of change in the subcellular localization of proteins

    Alex X Lu et al.
    100,000s of images from different growth conditions and genetic backgrounds can be integrated into proteome-scale analysis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The ectodomains determine ligand function in vivo and selectivity of DLL1 and DLL4 toward NOTCH1 and NOTCH2 in vitro

    Lena Tveriakhina et al.
    Regions outside the major receptor binding interface of DLL1 and DLL4 contribute to context-dependent divergence of ligand function in vivo and differential Notch1 and Notch2 activation in vitro.