362 results found
    1. Medicine

    Aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip reveals impaired mitochondrial dynamics as a therapeutic target for aortic aneurysm in bicuspid aortic valve disease

    Mieradilijiang Abudupataer et al.
    An aorta smooth muscle-on-a-chip model indicated that NOTCH1 insufficiency in HAoSMCs induced phenotypic switching from a contractile to a synthetic phenotype accompanied by an impairment of mitochondrial fusion, implying its potential role as a therapeutic target for BAV-TAA.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Single-cell analysis of the ventricular-subventricular zone reveals signatures of dorsal and ventral adult neurogenesis

    Arantxa Cebrian-Silla et al.
    Adult neural stem cells differ in the types of neurons they generate according to their location and new territories and genes associated with dorsal and ventral neurogenic lineages in the adult mouse brain are revealed.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Decoding locomotion from population neural activity in moving C. elegans

    Kelsey M Hallinen et al.
    Neurons in the brain exhibit activity with various relations to locomotion and these signals are best decoded by combining activities from many neurons.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Neuronal calmodulin levels are controlled by CAMTA transcription factors

    Thanh Thi Vuong-Brender et al.
    CAMTA transcription factors are evolutionarily conserved regulators of neuronal levels of the major Ca2+ sensor calmodulin.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Studying evolution of the primary body axis in vivo and in vitro

    Kerim Anlas, Vikas Trivedi
    The shared capacity of stem cells to recapitulate initial body plan formation in vitro without species-specific cues, suggests the existence of alternative, evolutionarily conserved developmental trajectories.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Ciliary chemosensitivity is enhanced by cilium geometry and motility

    David Hickey et al.
    Chemical receptors located on cilia can achieve particle capture rates that are many times higher than receptors located on a flat epithelial surface.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Rolling controls sperm navigation in response to the dynamic rheological properties of the environment

    Meisam Zaferani et al.
    Rheological properties of the environment regulate sperm swimming and navigational behavior through suppression or reactivation of sperm rolling around its longitudinal axis.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Hypoxia triggers collective aerotactic migration in Dictyostelium discoideum

    Olivier Cochet-Escartin et al.
    Cell assemblies can use environmental cues created by their own respiration, such as oxygen gradients, to collectively guide themselves to more favorable locations in a remarkably robust and long-lasting way.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Medicine

    Human immunocompetent Organ-on-Chip platforms allow safety profiling of tumor-targeted T-cell bispecific antibodies

    S Jordan Kerns et al.
    Novel human models of the lung and intestine are described and validated as preclinical in vitro tools for predictive profiling of T-cell-bispecific antibodies with expected on-target off-tumor risk.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Image3C, a multimodal image-based and label-independent integrative method for single-cell analysis

    Alice Accorsi et al.
    Image3C is a new image-based analysis of cell population composition for research organisms in which detailed cellular phenotypes are unknown or for which species-specific reagents are not available.

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