7,798 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    miR-142 regulates the tumorigenicity of human breast cancer stem cells through the canonical WNT signaling pathway

    Taichi Isobe et al.
    Insights into the roles and mechanisms of two of the miRNAs upregulated in human breast cancer stem cells in at least some breast cancers are presented.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stress responsive miR-31 is a major modulator of mouse intestinal stem cells during regeneration and tumorigenesis

    Yuhua Tian et al.
    miR-31 drives proliferation of intestinal stem cells, and protects intestinal stem cells against apoptosis both during homeostasis and regeneration in response to ionizing radiation injury, and promotes intestinal tumorigenesis through regulation of multiple signaling pathways.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Polycomb enables primitive endoderm lineage priming in embryonic stem cells

    Robert S Illingworth et al.
    Polycomb enables lineage priming in mouse embryonic stem cells by establishing a barrier to commitment.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Developmental Biology

    Mi-2/NuRD complex protects stem cell progeny from mitogenic Notch signaling

    Evanthia Zacharioudaki et al.
    Depleting Mi-2 in the progeny of neural stem cells prevents normal enhancer decommissioning so that they become sensitive to Notch activity and re-acquire stem cell properties.
    1. Neuroscience

    Output variability across animals and levels in a motor system

    Angela Wenning et al.
    Population output variability in a motor control system varies across levels (CPG, motor neurons, muscles) and can be ascribed to life history differences among animals and in some cases to differences between bilaterally homologous elements.
    1. Neuroscience

    Live calcium and mitochondrial imaging in the enteric nervous system of Parkinson patients and controls

    An-Sofie Desmet et al.
    In contrast to previous post-mortem or fixed tissue histochemical reports, live calcium and mitochondrial imaging data suggest that the enteric nervous system is not generally affected in Parkinson's disease patients.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    EGFR signaling promotes self-renewal through the establishment of cell polarity in Drosophila follicle stem cells

    Angela Castanieto et al.
    The specification of cell polarity is essential for self-renewal and the segregation of stem-cell and daughter-cell fates in an epithelial stem cell lineage.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Mof-associated complexes have overlapping and unique roles in regulating pluripotency in embryonic stem cells and during differentiation

    Sarina Ravens et al.
    Two complexes that contain the histone acetyl transferase MOF have distinct regulatory roles in the growth and development of pluripotent embryonic stem cells
    1. Developmental Biology

    p53 activity is selectively licensed in the Drosophila stem cell compartment

    Annika Wylie et al.
    Ancient features of the p53 regulatory network are coupled to the stem cell compartment in normal and pathologic contexts.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The Makorin lep-2 and the lncRNA lep-5 regulate lin-28 to schedule sexual maturation of the C. elegans nervous system

    Hannah Lawson et al.
    Genes implicated in the control of mammalian puberty function as components of a molecular clock that determines the timing of sexual differentiation in the C. elegans nervous system.

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