35 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    A homozygous FANCM mutation underlies a familial case of non-syndromic primary ovarian insufficiency

    Baptiste Fouquet et al.
    Bilallelic mutations of FANCM, a DNA-damage response gene whose heterozygous mutations predispose to breast cancer, are involved in a familial case of Primary Ovarian Insufficiency establishing a link between infertility and cancer.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Functional and mutational landscapes of BRCA1 for homology-directed repair and therapy resistance

    Rachel W Anantha et al.
    Systematic analyses of natural variants and artificial mutants establish functional landscapes of BRCA1 for homology-directed repair (HDR) and therapy resistance and identify the BRCA1-PALB2 interaction as a key control point for HDR pathway choice.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Collagen induces activation of DDR1 through lateral dimer association and phosphorylation between dimers

    Victoria Juskaite et al.
    Ligand binding induces DDR1 kinase activity through recruitment of DDR1 receptors into signalling clusters in which phosphorylation occurs across different dimers.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The CDK-PLK1 axis targets the DNA damage checkpoint sensor protein RAD9 to promote cell proliferation and tolerance to genotoxic stress

    Takeshi Wakida et al.
    Minimizing anti-proliferation signaling from DNA damage detection machinery is the tactic for the cells to drive proliferation under genotoxic environment, and the function is exerted by Polo-Like-Kinase1 that is frequently over-expressed in cancer cells.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Competing scaffolding proteins determine capsid size during mobilization of Staphylococcus aureus pathogenicity islands

    Altaira D Dearborn et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy and genetics show how Staphylococcus aureus pathogenicity island 1 hijacks the assembly pathway of a helper phage for its own propagation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanisms of ribosome stalling by SecM at multiple elongation steps

    Jun Zhang et al.
    Nascent regulatory peptides tune the translation rate through a continuous, dynamic reshaping of the functional center of the ribosome.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Small molecule inhibition of Csk alters affinity recognition by T cells

    Boryana N Manz et al.
    The T cell response, especially to weak agonists, is enhanced by acute Csk inhibition.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Type XVII collagen coordinates proliferation in the interfollicular epidermis

    Mika Watanabe et al.
    Type XVII collagen, a transmembranous protein in basal keratinocytes, suppresses interfollicular epidermal proliferation in neonatal and aged skin, and helps rejuvenate epidermis.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    MOF-associated complexes ensure stem cell identity and Xist repression

    Tomasz Chelmicki et al.
    Two complexes that contain the histone acetyl transferase MOF engage in a two-pronged approach to ensure the repression of X inactivation in mouse embryonic stem cells.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Distinct mechanisms underlie oral vs aboral regeneration in the cnidarian Hydractinia echinata

    Brian Bradshaw et al.
    Stem cell migration underlies head regeneration in the cnidarian (jellies and their kin) Hydractinia, but the regeneration of other body parts is based on the gradual transformation of one tissue type into another.

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