447 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Two locus inheritance of non-syndromic midline craniosynostosis via rare SMAD6 and common BMP2 alleles

    Andrew T Timberlake et al.
    Epistatic interactions of rare loss of function mutations in SMAD6 and a common variant modifier near BMP2 are the most common cause of midline craniosynostosis in humans.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Reactivation of a developmental Bmp2 signaling center is required for therapeutic control of the murine periosteal niche

    Valerie S Salazar et al.
    A periosteal Bmp2 signaling center couples bone length to bone width during development and must be reactivated by clinical bone anabolic therapies to reduce fracture risk and accelerate fracture repair.
    1. Neuroscience

    A novel Drosophila injury model reveals severed axons are cleared through a Draper/MMP-1 signaling cascade

    Maria D Purice et al.
    An unbiased transcriptional profiling screen reveals the secreted matrix metalloproteinase MMP-1 is a transcriptional target of the ensheathing glial receptor Draper following acute axon injury in adult Drosophila.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic regulation of perisynaptic matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) activity in the amblyopic visual cortex

    Sachiko Murase et al.
    Dark exposure lowers the MMP9 activation threshold, and subsequent light stimulation to an amblyopic eye is sufficient to induce proteolysis at thalamo-cortical synapses in deprived mouse visual cortex.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Macrophages promote endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition via MT1-MMP/TGFβ1 after myocardial infarction

    Laura Alonso-Herranz et al.
    Macrophage production of MT1-MMP upon MI contributes to adverse cardiac remodeling and worsened function by promoting EndMT via TGFB, suggesting MT1-MMP inhibition as a therapeutic option for patients with MI.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    BMP7 functions predominantly as a heterodimer with BMP2 or BMP4 during mammalian embryogenesis

    Hyung-Seok Kim et al.
    Endogenous BMP2/7 and BMP4/7 heterodimers form in vivo, and are the predominant functional ligand in many, if not all, tissues of developing mouse embryos.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Site-directed MT1-MMP trafficking and surface insertion regulate AChR clustering and remodeling at developing NMJs

    Zora Chui-Kuen Chan et al.
    Postsynaptic MT1-MMP serves as a molecular switch to synaptogenesis by clearing the surrounding ECM environment that allows effective deposition of nerve-derived synaptogenic factors to induce postsynaptic differentiation at developing NMJs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Light reintroduction after dark exposure reactivates plasticity in adults via perisynaptic activation of MMP-9

    Sachiko Murase et al.
    Light reintroduction (LRx) after dark exposure reactivates structural and functional plasticity in the adult mouse visual cortex by increasing the activity of MMP-9 at thalamo-cortical synapses.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Programmed conversion of hypertrophic chondrocytes into osteoblasts and marrow adipocytes within zebrafish bones

    Dion Giovannone et al.
    Cartilage cells transition through a proliferative intermediate to give rise to bone and marrow fat cells in long bones.
    1. Cancer Biology

    IGF2 mRNA binding protein-2 is a tumor promoter that drives cancer proliferation through its client mRNAs IGF2 and HMGA1

    Ning Dai et al.
    The IGF2 mRNA binding protein-2/IMP2, overexpressed in many common cancers, drives cancer cell proliferation by increasing the abundance of IGF2 and the oncogene HMGA1, which controls a network of effectors that enhance IGF2 action.

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