982 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis of force-from-lipids gating in the mechanosensitive channel MscS

    Bharat Reddy et al.
    The structure of the mechanosensitive channel MscS embedded in a lipid bilayer redefines the nature, location and importance of lipid–protein interactions in the gating of mechanosensitive channels.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Murine HSCs contribute actively to native hematopoiesis but with reduced differentiation capacity upon aging

    Petter Säwen et al.
    Using a lineage tracing model, it is demonstrated that adult murine hematopoiesis is contingent on the continuous output from HSCs, with quantitative contributions that are dependent on lineage-type and age.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Single molecule FRET reveals pore size and opening mechanism of a mechano-sensitive ion channel

    Yong Wang et al.
    Observation by single molecule FRET of MscL, a prokaryotic mechanosensitive channel, reveals that MscL opens via the helix-tilt model and its pore reaches 2.8 nm in diameter.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Developmental Biology

    Distinct mechanisms regulating mechanical force-induced Ca2+ signals at the plasma membrane and the ER in human MSCs

    Tae-Jin Kim et al.
    Deep penetration and transmission of mechanical force to regulate ER functions depends on not only the passive cytoskeletal support, but also the active actomyosin contractility, which is dispensable for mechanotransduction at the plasma membrane.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Migratory and adhesive cues controlling innate-like lymphocyte surveillance of the pathogen-exposed surface of the lymph node

    Yang Zhang et al.
    A group of innate-like lymphocytes surveys the lymph node subcapsular sinus for bacterial and fungal invaders using a novel combination of chemoattractant and adhesion molecules.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Aurkb/PP1-mediated resetting of Oct4 during the cell cycle determines the identity of embryonic stem cells

    Jihoon Shin et al.
    The regulation of the core transcription factor Oct4 by the Aurkb-PP1 axis links the cell cycle to pluripotency programs in embryonic stem cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Expanded genetic screening in Caenorhabditis elegans identifies new regulators and an inhibitory role for NAD+ in axon regeneration

    Kyung Won Kim et al.
    A function-based genetic screen using the Caenorhabditis elegans axotomy model identifies new regulators and an inhibitory role for NAD+ in axon regeneration, expanding the understanding of axon injury responses and regeneration.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Global reorganisation of cis-regulatory units upon lineage commitment of human embryonic stem cells

    Paula Freire-Pritchett et al.
    Promoter interactome maps in human embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and ESC-derived early neuroectodermal progenitors link distal enhancers to putative target genes, reveal lineage-specific cis-regulatory architecture and shed light on the logic of gene regulation by multiple enhancers.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Dpp dependent Hematopoietic stem cells give rise to Hh dependent blood progenitors in larval lymph gland of Drosophila

    Nidhi Sharma Dey et al.
    Identification of Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in the genetically amenable organism Drosophila melanogaster paves the path to address HSC biology, both in normal and pathophysiological conditions.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Malaria-associated atypical memory B cells exhibit markedly reduced B cell receptor signaling and effector function

    Silvia Portugal et al.
    Atypical memory B cells (MBCs) appear to differentiate from classical MBCs during chronic exposure to the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum, and may interfere with the acquisition of immunity to the disease.

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