348 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Position of UNC-13 in the active zone regulates synaptic vesicle release probability and release kinetics

    Keming Zhou et al.
    The precise position of UNC-13 at the active zone near a synapse depends on the N-terminus of the protein, and the C2A domain in particular, and is essential for accelerating neurotransmitter release.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    UNC-13L, UNC-13S, and Tomosyn form a protein code for fast and slow neurotransmitter release in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Zhitao Hu et al.
    Long and short variants of a protein called UNC-13, assisted by another called Tomosyn, regulate the timing of synaptic vesicle release in C. elegans.
    1. Neuroscience

    Heterodimerization of UNC-13/RIM regulates synaptic vesicle release probability but not priming in C. elegans

    Haowen Liu et al.
    RIM binding UNC-13L C2A domain releases UNC-13L from an autoinhibitory homodimeric complex to become fusion-competent, and regulates probability of synaptic vesicle release in the post-priming process.
    1. Neuroscience

    Diverse modes of synaptic signaling, regulation, and plasticity distinguish two classes of C. elegans glutamatergic neurons

    Donovan Ventimiglia, Cornelia I Bargmann
    Single-neuron synaptic imaging in vivo demonstrates that highly conserved molecules such as UNC-13, UNC-18, and protein kinase C, which are found at essentially every synapse make different functional contributions in Caenorhabditis elegans glutamatergic neurons.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    The C. elegans neural editome reveals an ADAR target mRNA required for proper chemotaxis

    Sarah N Deffit et al.
    Identification of tissue-specific RNA editing using a robust, publicly-available platform (SAILOR) reveals noncoding A-to-I editing events required for proper gene expression and neurological function, significantly advancing the understanding of how ADARs function in neural cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Efficient and accurate extraction of in vivo calcium signals from microendoscopic video data

    Pengcheng Zhou et al.
    A new open-source computational toolbox for processing in vivo microendoscopic calcium imaging data performs signal demixing and denoising much more accurately than previously available methods, significantly improving the utility of this imaging modality.
    1. Neuroscience

    Pauses in cholinergic interneuron firing exert an inhibitory control on striatal output in vivo

    Stefano Zucca et al.
    Optogenetics and in vivo recordings in mice reveal that pauses in cholinergic interneurons offer an alternative mechanism to inhibit subthreshold and suprathreshold events of spiny projection neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Calcium dynamics regulating the timing of decision-making in C. elegans

    Yuki Tanimoto et al.
    A series of quantitative behavioural and opto-physiological analyses using a novel robot microscope system reveals that C. elegans computes the time-differential and time-integral of sensory information for decision-making during olfactory navigation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Nonsense mRNA suppression via nonstop decay

    Joshua A Arribere, Andrew Z Fire
    Nonstop mRNA decay degrades mRNAs with a premature stop codon after such mRNAs are targeted by the nonsense-mediated decay machinery.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Clarinet (CLA-1), a novel active zone protein required for synaptic vesicle clustering and release

    Zhao Xuan et al.
    Clarinet, a novel C. elegans active zone protein with homology to vertebrate Piccolo and Rim, uses its different isoforms for diverse functions, including synaptic vesicle clustering, vesicle release and synaptogenesis.

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