73 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Crucial role for T cell-intrinsic IL-18R-MyD88 signaling in cognate immune response to intracellular parasite infection

    Ana-Carolina Oliveira et al.
    Development of a robust Th1 response to infection against an intracellular parasite requires T-cell intrinsic MyD88 signaling, mostly through the upstream IL-18 receptor, for the induction of genes involved in proliferation, cytokine production and migration.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Activation of Toll-like receptors nucleates assembly of the MyDDosome signaling hub

    Sarah Louise Latty et al.
    The strength of Toll-like receptor signalling depends on the number and size of MyDDosomes formed as well as on how quickly these structures assemble.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    TLR5 participates in the TLR4 receptor complex and promotes MyD88-dependent signaling in environmental lung injury

    Salik Hussain et al.
    The response to TLR4 ligands in mice and humans is modulated by TLR5, which participates in the TLR4 signaling complex.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Virus infection is controlled by hematopoietic and stromal cell sensing of murine cytomegalovirus through STING

    Sytse J Piersma et al.
    Cytomegaloviruses are recognized by distinct sensors depending on the infected cell type and together these sensors are essential for viral control and downstream immune responses.
    1. Neuroscience

    A Toll-receptor map underlies structural brain plasticity

    Guiyi Li et al.
    Structural brain plasticity is encoded in the topographic distribution of Toll receptors and their ability to switch between alternative signalling outcomes, thus translating diverse sensory experience into structural change.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Notch and TLR signaling coordinate monocyte cell fate and inflammation

    Jaba Gamrekelashvili et al.
    Notch signaling alters TLR-induced inflammation by skewing monocyte cell fate toward patrolling monocyte differentiation at the expense of macrophage cell fate.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    LXRs link metabolism to inflammation through Abca1-dependent regulation of membrane composition and TLR signaling

    Ayaka Ito et al.
    The cholesterol-sensing nuclear receptor LXR regulates inflammatory responses by altering the lipid composition of cell membranes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Spreading of a mycobacterial cell-surface lipid into host epithelial membranes promotes infectivity

    CJ Cambier et al.
    Applying bioorthogonal chemistry to the zebrafish/Mycobacterium marinum model of tuberculosis reveals that the virulence lipid PDIM must spread into epithelial cells in order for mycobacteria to establish infection.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Drainage of inflammatory macromolecules from the brain to periphery targets the liver for macrophage infiltration

    Linlin Yang et al.
    Circulation of molecules from the brain can serve as a rapid mode of communication from the brain to the liver.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Digital signaling decouples activation probability and population heterogeneity

    Ryan A Kellogg et al.
    Digital NF-κB signaling achieves orthogonal control over the probability of activation (percentage of activated cells) and dynamic response heterogeneity in the population via the area and shape of the input profile.

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