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    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit-dependent ROS feedback loop mediates glutamate excitotoxicity to sculpt the Drosophila motor system

    Jhan-Jie Peng et al.
    Glutamate excitotoxicity induces a circuit-dependent ROS feedback loop to alter motor system integrity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Control of lipid domain organization by a biomimetic contractile actomyosin cortex

    Sven Kenjiro Vogel et al.
    Building on previous work (Vogel et al., 2013b), it is shown that myosin-driven actin filament rearrangements actively move, split or fuse individual lipid domains and change their overall shape.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Distinct contributions of the thin and thick filaments to length-dependent activation in heart muscle

    Xuemeng Zhang et al.
    The Frank–Starling law of the heart and its underlying mechanism of length-dependent activation involve distinctive structural changes in both the thin and thick filaments of cardiac muscle cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Spinal microcircuits comprising dI3 interneurons are necessary for motor functional recovery following spinal cord transection

    Tuan V Bui et al.
    A genetically-defined population of spinal interneurons is reciprocally connected with spinal locomotor circuits and mediates recovery of locomotor function following spinal cord transection.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Angiopoietin-4-dependent venous maturation and fluid drainage in the peripheral retina

    Harri Elamaa et al.
    Identification of importance of Angiopoietin-4 (Angpt4) as a first growth factor that initiates venous specification in the peripheral retina, and Angpt4-dependent mechanism for fluid clearance in the mouse retina.
    1. Neuroscience

    The signaling lipid sphingosine 1-phosphate regulates mechanical pain

    Rose Z Hill et al.
    Constitutive sphingosine 1-phosphate signaling via the G-protein coupled receptor S1PR3 in mechanonociceptive somatosensory neurons is required for normal behavioral responses to noxious mechanical stimuli.
    1. Cell Biology

    Thrombospondin expression in myofibers stabilizes muscle membranes

    Davy Vanhoutte et al.
    Thrombospondin proteins regulate vesicular trafficking of integrins and other membrane attachment complex proteins to the plasma membrane of skeletal muscle, which provides greater stability and resistance to muscular dystrophy.
    1. Neuroscience

    ERG-28 controls BK channel trafficking in the ER to regulate synaptic function and alcohol response in C. elegans

    Kelly H Oh et al.
    An endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein regulates synaptic transmission, alcohol sensitivity, and gene expression by controlling the trafficking of a calcium-activated potassium channel.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Neuroprotective effects of TRPA1 channels in the cerebral endothelium following ischemic stroke

    Paulo Wagner Pires, Scott Earley
    Acute hypoxia activates TRPA1 channels in cerebral artery endothelial cells to activate an early adaptive response to reduce tissue ischemic damage through vasodilation.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Transcriptomic analyses reveal rhythmic and CLOCK-driven pathways in human skeletal muscle

    Laurent Perrin et al.
    Rhythmic transcriptome analyses of human skeletal muscle tissue and cultured primary myotubes reveal an essential role for the circadian coordination of glucose homeostasis and lipid metabolism in human skeletal muscle.