312 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for recognition and remodeling of the TBP:DNA:NC2 complex by Mot1

    Agata Butryn et al.
    A structural analysis of the transcription regulator Mot1 in complex with promoter DNA and the proteins TBP and NC2 provides a first structural framework for how a Swi2/Snf2 type remodeler interacts with a histone fold protein:DNA complex.
    1. Neuroscience

    A role for cerebellum in the hereditary dystonia DYT1

    Rachel Fremont et al.
    The most common inherited dystonia, DYT1, is likely caused primarily by the dysfunction of the cerebellum rather than the basal ganglia.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A Myt1 family transcription factor defines neuronal fate by repressing non-neuronal genes

    Joo Lee et al.
    First comprehensive genetic analysis of a Myt1 family protein reveals that neurogenesis requires direct repression of non-neuronal identities by the Myt1 family protein through MuvB co-repressor complex.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Crystal structure of the full Swi2/Snf2 remodeler Mot1 in the resting state

    Agata Butryn et al.
    The structure of the entire Mot1 Swi2/Snf2 protein uncovers an unexpected auto-inhibited resting state activated by substrate binding, and suggests a DNA pulling mechanism of TBP displacement.
    1. Neuroscience

    Early structural and functional plasticity alterations in a susceptibility period of DYT1 dystonia mouse striatum

    Marta Maltese et al.
    Structural and functional striatal synaptic plasticity abnormalities occur early in a sensitive developmental period, representing a potential unique endophenotypic traits that increase the risk of manifesting clinical symptoms in DYT1 mutation carriers.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Macrophages promote endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition via MT1-MMP/TGFβ1 after myocardial infarction

    Laura Alonso-Herranz et al.
    Macrophage production of MT1-MMP upon MI contributes to adverse cardiac remodeling and worsened function by promoting EndMT via TGFB, suggesting MT1-MMP inhibition as a therapeutic option for patients with MI.
    1. Neuroscience

    DYT1 dystonia increases risk taking in humans

    David Arkadir et al.
    Patients with DYT1 dystonia show aberrant risk-aversion in a simple decision-making task, in accordance with predictions of a reinforcement learning model of corticostriatal trial-and-error learning.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Site-directed MT1-MMP trafficking and surface insertion regulate AChR clustering and remodeling at developing NMJs

    Zora Chui-Kuen Chan et al.
    Postsynaptic MT1-MMP serves as a molecular switch to synaptogenesis by clearing the surrounding ECM environment that allows effective deposition of nerve-derived synaptogenic factors to induce postsynaptic differentiation at developing NMJs.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    TorsinB overexpression prevents abnormal twisting in DYT1 dystonia mouse models

    Jay Li et al.
    Enhancing levels of the torsinA paralog torsinB prevents essentially all torsinA loss-of-function neuropathological and behavioral phenotypes, identifying torsinB as a novel therapeutic target for DYT1 dystonia.
    1. Neuroscience

    A cell autonomous torsinA requirement for cholinergic neuron survival and motor control

    Samuel S Pappas et al.
    Conditional deletion of the DYT1 dystonia protein torsinA causes selective cell autonomous neurodegeneration of striatal and brainstem cholinergic neurons, and severe motor behavioral abnormalities.

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