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    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Assessing the mechanism and therapeutic potential of modulators of the human Mediator complex-associated protein kinases

    Paul A Clarke et al.
    Detailed molecular profiling investigations alongside antitumor testing and tolerability studies in animals suggest caution when considering the clinical development of inhibitors of CDK8 and CDK19, since a clear therapeutic window could not be demonstrated with two structurally distinct, potent and selective prototype drugs.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Streptomyces exploration is triggered by fungal interactions and volatile signals

    Stephanie E Jones et al.
    Exploratory growth is a newly discovered mode of Streptomyces growth that it is stimulated by fungi, is pH responsive, and can be communicated to other – physically separated – streptomycetes through airborne compounds.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Rapid epigenetic adaptation to uncontrolled heterochromatin spreading

    Jiyong Wang et al.
    Redundant pathways prevent heterochromatin spreading and ectopic heterochromatin assembly; and plasticity of heterochromatin assembly allows cells to adapt to heterochromatin stress.
    1. Neuroscience

    Monkey EEG links neuronal color and motion information across species and scales

    Florian Sandhaeger et al.
    Using Monkey EEG as a bridge technology, color and motion representations in human MEG are linked to microcircuit activity in ventral stream areas.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A tRNA modification balances carbon and nitrogen metabolism by regulating phosphate homeostasis

    Ritu Gupta et al.
    The role of an amino acid-dependent tRNA modification as a nutrient sensor and regulator of metabolic homeostasis has been discovered.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Mitosis can drive cell cannibalism through entosis

    Joanne Durgan et al.
    Mitosis is found to act as a novel trigger for epithelial cell cannibalism, revealing an important link between cell division and death, of relevance to cancer and chemotherapy.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The structure of the core NuRD repression complex provides insights into its interaction with chromatin

    Christopher J Millard et al.
    An extensive interface between the proteins RBBP4 and MTA1 defines the three-dimensional architecture of the core NuRD complex and determines the recruitment of the complex to chromatin.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    DNA methylation in Arabidopsis has a genetic basis and shows evidence of local adaptation

    Manu J Dubin et al.
    The adaptation of Arabidopsis plants to the local environment is linked to DNA methylation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    G-actin provides substrate-specificity to eukaryotic initiation factor 2α holophosphatases

    Ruming Chen et al.
    The biochemical basis for coupling cytoskeletal dynamics to regulated protein synthesis has been revealed.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Regulation of the glucocorticoid receptor via a BET-dependent enhancer drives antiandrogen resistance in prostate cancer

    Neel Shah et al.
    Epigenetic regulation of the glucocorticoid receptor in castration-resistant prostate cancer can be targeted via the use of BET bromodomain inhibitors.