6,500 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    ABHD17 proteins are novel protein depalmitoylases that regulate N-Ras palmitate turnover and subcellular localization

    David Tse Shen Lin, Elizabeth Conibear
    Palmitate turnover is controlled by distinct enzyme families with different specificities.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A novel N-terminal extension in mitochondrial TRAP1 serves as a thermal regulator of chaperone activity

    James R Partridge et al.
    Cytosolic and organellar Hsp90s from higher eukaryotes have evolved a variable, and environmentally responsive N-terminal extension to regulate their activity.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    SETD3 protein is the actin-specific histidine N-methyltransferase

    Sebastian Kwiatkowski et al.
    Histone-lysine N-methyltransferase SETD3 (NP_115609.2) was identified as the actin-specific histidine N-methyltransferase, an enzyme catalyzing the extremely well-conserved methylation of H73 in β-actin.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Long-lived metabolic enzymes in the crystalline lens identified by pulse-labeling of mice and mass spectrometry

    Pan Liu et al.
    By performing 15N pulse-labeling of mice, the turnover of hundreds of proteins in eye tissues was measured by mass spectrometry that revealed long-lived metabolic enzymes in the lens.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of GSK-3 inhibition by N-terminal phosphorylation and by the Wnt receptor LRP6

    Jennifer L Stamos et al.
    Phosphorylation of the Wnt receptor LRP6 directly inhibits glycogen synthase kinase-3 by acting as a pseudosubstrate that stabilizes an active conformation of the enzyme, identical to autoinhibition by phosphorylation of its N terminus.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolution of histone 2A for chromatin compaction in eukaryotes

    Benjamin R Macadangdang et al.
    The N-terminal domain in histone 2A serves as an evolutionary tool to enable greater chromatin compaction when genome size is disproportionately larger than the nuclear volume across eukaryotes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Plant Biology

    CCR4, a RNA decay factor, is hijacked by a plant cytorhabdovirus phosphoprotein to facilitate virus replication

    Zhen-Jia Zhang et al.
    A cytorhabdovirus phosphoprotein hijacks host CCR4 to trigger turnover of viral nucleoprotein (N)-bound cellular RNAs, thereby releasing nascent RNA-free N protein molecules to bind viral genomic RNAs for optimal replication.

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