32 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ligand recognition and gating mechanism through three ligand-binding sites of human TRPM2 channel

    Yihe Huang et al.
    High-resolution structures of human TRPM2 in different functional states provided the mechanism underlying ligand recognition, channel activation and inhibition.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A unicellular relative of animals generates a layer of polarized cells by actomyosin-dependent cellularization

    Omaya Dudin et al.
    Cellularization in Sphaeroforma arctica generates a self-organized structure that morphologically resembles an epithelium, and is associated with tightly regulated expression of cell adhesion pathways.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    In vivo targeting of de novo DNA methylation by histone modifications in yeast and mouse

    Marco Morselli et al.
    DNA methylation deposition is dependent on the presence of H3K4me3 and H3K36me3 histone marks.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary changes in transcription factor coding sequence quantitatively alter sensory organ development and function

    Simon Weinberger et al.
    The coding sequences of a very highly conserved family of neurogenic transcription factors from different species have evolved to generate proteins that have different life times causing them to display quantitatively different neural induction potentials.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Germ layer-specific regulation of cell polarity and adhesion gives insight into the evolution of mesoderm

    Miguel Salinas-Saavedra et al.
    The expression of 'bilaterian-mesodermal’ genes changes the epithelial properties of the endomesoderm during the embryogenesis of the cnidarian Nematostella vectensis.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular mechanism of activation-triggered subunit exchange in Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II

    Moitrayee Bhattacharyya et al.
    Closed-ring and open-spiral assembly of the multi-subunit neuronal kinase CaMKII suggest a mechanism for how active subunits shuttle between individual assemblies, propagating stimulatory signals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Ecology

    De novo synthesis of a sunscreen compound in vertebrates

    Andrew R Osborn et al.
    Many vertebrates are able to synthesize a sunscreen compound de novo and the pathway involved can be used for heterologous production of the compound in yeast.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Comparative genomics explains the evolutionary success of reef-forming corals

    Debashish Bhattacharya et al.
    The analysis of 20 coral genomic datasets provides unprecedented insights into what makes reef-building corals unique, including the evolution of novel gene families involved in biomineralization, signaling and stress responses that have led to their evolutionary success throughout the Phanerozoic Eon.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Distinct mechanisms underlie oral vs aboral regeneration in the cnidarian Hydractinia echinata

    Brian Bradshaw et al.
    Stem cell migration underlies head regeneration in the cnidarian (jellies and their kin) Hydractinia, but the regeneration of other body parts is based on the gradual transformation of one tissue type into another.

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