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    1. Neuroscience

    Dopaminergic and opioidergic regulation during anticipation and consumption of social and nonsocial rewards

    Sebastian Korb et al.
    Administration of dopamine and opioid receptor antagonists resulted in reduced reward anticipation (effort and increased negative facial reactions), but only administration of opioid antagonists resulted in reduced liking (facial reactions).
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Linking time-series of single-molecule experiments with molecular dynamics simulations by machine learning

    Yasuhiro Matsunaga, Yuji Sugita
    A general machine learning scheme for integrating time-series data from single-molecule experiments and molecular dynamics simulations is proposed and successfully demonstrated for the folding dynamics of the WW domain.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Human cytomegalovirus interactome analysis identifies degradation hubs, domain associations and viral protein functions

    Luis V Nobre et al.
    The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) interactome systematically characterises high-confidence viral-viral and viral-host protein interactions in HCMV-infected cells, facilitating multiple novel insights into HCMV and herpesviral function.
    1. Neuroscience

    Noradrenaline blockade specifically enhances metacognitive performance

    Tobias U Hauser et al.
    The neurotransmitter noradrenaline selectively modulates metacognition, the conscious insight into one's performance, but does not alter perceptual decision making, revealing that different neuromodulators affect different stages of a decision making process.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Complementary shifts in photoreceptor spectral tuning unlock the full adaptive potential of ultraviolet vision in birds

    Matthew B Toomey et al.
    Birds that see ultraviolet light tune the sensitivity of their short-wavelength photoreceptors with colored filters to maximize the number of colors they can see.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sources of widefield fluorescence from the brain

    Jack Waters
    Widefield fluorescence from the brain arises from greater depth and area than typically appreciated and is usually a weighted average across cortical columns and often more than one cortical area.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional and anatomical specificity in a higher olfactory centre

    Shahar Frechter et al.
    The Drosophila lateral horn, a higher olfactory brain area, contains >165 genetically defined cell types with stereotyped odour responses across animals and improved odor categorisation compared with their inputs.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    Genomic basis for drought resistance in European beech forests threatened by climate change

    Markus Pfenninger et al.
    European beech harbours substantial genetic variation at genomic loci associated with drought resistance and newly identified loci can help to accelerate and monitor adaptation to climate change.
    1. Neuroscience

    Serial grouping of 2D-image regions with object-based attention in humans

    Danique Jeurissen et al.
    The human visual system groups the individual features of objects together into a coherent whole via a serial, attention-demanding process.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Gene regulation gravitates toward either addition or multiplication when combining the effects of two signals

    Eric M Sanford et al.
    When two signals increase transcription of the same gene, their combined effect tends to reflect either the sum of the individual increases or the product of the individual fold-changes.