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    1. Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Recovery of consciousness and cognition after general anesthesia in humans

    George A Mashour et al.
    Cognitive reconstitution after pharmacologic unconsciousness is an extended process, executive function is more robust than expected, and the healthy human brain is resilient to the effects of deep general anesthesia.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Crosstalk between the chloroplast protein import and SUMO systems revealed through genetic and molecular investigation in Arabidopsis

    Samuel James Watson et al.
    The small ubiquitin-like modifier system directly regulates components of the chloroplast protein import apparatus, that is, TOC proteins, to control chloroplast biogenesis and plant development.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    IFN-λ prevents influenza virus spread from the upper airways to the lungs and limits virus transmission

    Jonas Klinkhammer et al.
    Interferon-λ plays a decisive and previously underestimated role in limiting the spread of respiratory viruses from the nasal cavity to the lungs and it efficiently restricts virus transmission from infected individuals to naïve contacts.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The transcription factor Pou3f1 promotes neural fate commitment via activation of neural lineage genes and inhibition of external signaling pathways

    Qingqing Zhu et al.
    The transcription factor Pou3f1 triggers embryonic stem cells to become neuronal progenitor cells in two ways: by activating the expression of pro-neuronal genes and by blocking external inhibitory signaling cascades.
    1. Neuroscience

    Bundle-specific associations between white matter microstructure and Aβ and tau pathology in preclinical Alzheimer’s disease

    Alexa Pichet Binette et al.
    White matter microstructure alterations in key bundles affected in Alzheimer's disease are related to amyloid and tau pathology in the preclinical phase of sporadic and autosomal-dominant Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Neuroscience

    Visual attention modulates the integration of goal-relevant evidence and not value

    Pradyumna Sepulveda et al.
    Visual attention modulates the integration of the evidence that is most useful for achieving a goal in both perceptual and value-based decisions.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Distinct inactive conformations of the dopamine D2 and D3 receptors correspond to different extents of inverse agonism

    J Robert Lane et al.
    The occupation of a sub-pocket near the Na+-binding site in D2R by the Na+-insensitive antagonists is the structural basis for their greater inverse agonism than that of the Na+-sensitive ligands.
    1. Ecology

    A SLC4 family bicarbonate transporter is critical for intracellular pH regulation and biomineralization in sea urchin embryos

    Marian Y Hu et al.
    Cellular carbon accumulation systems are a fundamental prerequisite for biomineralization to stabilize pH and to supply inorganic carbon for CaCO3 precipitation under changing environmental conditions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    HRI coordinates translation necessary for protein homeostasis and mitochondrial function in erythropoiesis

    Shuping Zhang et al.
    The heme and HRI-mediated eIF2aP–ATF4 integrated stress response in erythropoiesis has a major global impact, especially under the stress condition of iron deficiency.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Specific depletion of the motor protein KIF5B leads to deficits in dendritic transport, synaptic plasticity and memory

    Junjun Zhao et al.
    Two homologous kinesin motors, KIF5A and KIF5B, have distinct functions in dendritic spine morphogenesis, and KIF5B plays a role in synaptic plasticity and memory.