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55 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The Na+/Ca2+, K+ exchanger NCKX4 is required for efficient cone-mediated vision

    Frans Vinberg et al.
    Molecular, genetic, and functional analysis is used to show that the olfactory Na+/Ca2+, K+ exchanger NCKX4 is expressed in cone photoreceptors and is critical for the wide operating range and high temporal resolution of cone-mediated vision.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dichotomous role of the human mitochondrial Na+/Ca2+/Li+ exchanger NCLX in colorectal cancer growth and metastasis

    Trayambak Pathak et al.
    Colorectal tumors down-regulate the mitochondrial Na+/Ca2+/Li+ exchanger (NCLX) to alter mitochondrial Ca2+ signaling and initiate transcriptional and metabolic reprogramming that drives tumor chemo-resistance and metastasis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Entry by multiple picornaviruses is dependent on a pathway that includes TNK2, WASL, and NCK1

    Hongbing Jiang et al.
    Genetic and biochemical analyses identify a pathway important for infection by many picornaviruses.
    1. Physics of Living Systems
    2. Cell Biology

    Phase transitions of multivalent proteins can promote clustering of membrane receptors

    Sudeep Banjade, Michael K Rosen
    A new and general mechanism describes the organization of membrane proteins and their cytoplasmic ligands into micrometer-scale clusters, based on polymerization and concomitant phase separation of multivalent proteins.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Glial Ca2+signaling links endocytosis to K+ buffering around neuronal somas to regulate excitability

    Shirley Weiss et al.
    An unbiased genetic screen in Drosophila provides evidence for a direct link between glial Ca2+ 25 signaling and classical functions of glia in buffering external K+ as a mechanism to regulate neuronal excitability.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    A composition-dependent molecular clutch between T cell signaling condensates and actin

    Jonathon A Ditlev et al.
    Compositional changes alter actin binding by phase separated T cell signaling clusters, enabling cluster movement by distinct actin networks.
    1. Cell Biology

    TRPM5-mediated calcium uptake regulates mucin secretion from human colon goblet cells

    Sandra Mitrovic et al.
    Goblet cells secrete mucins—which are key components of mucus—in a process that is regulated by calcium ions, which enter the goblet cells via a mechanism involving a channel protein called TRPM5.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A calcium transport mechanism for atrial fibrillation in Tbx5-mutant mice

    Wenli Dai et al.
    TBX5-loss associated cardiomyocyte ectopy and atrial fibrillation is prevented by augmentation of SERCA2 activity, establishing a mechanism underlying the genetic basis for a Ca2+-dependent pathway for AF risk.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Calcium handling precedes cardiac differentiation to initiate the first heartbeat

    Richard CV Tyser et al.
    High-resolution live imaging reveals how and when the mouse heart first starts to beat during development and how the onset of beating impacts on heart muscle cell maturation and heart formation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    High neural activity accelerates the decline of cognitive plasticity with age in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Qiaochu Li et al.
    Chronic excitation of the Caenorhabditis elegans oxygen-sensing neurons alters calcium homeostasis to accelerate the decline of neural plasticity with age.

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