158 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of death domain signaling in the p75 neurotrophin receptor

    Zhi Lin et al.
    Structures of the death domain of the p75 neurotrophin receptor in complex with downstream effectors show how competitive protein-protein interactions orchestrate the hierarchical activation of downstream pathways in non-catalytic receptors.
    1. Cell Biology

    Age-related islet inflammation marks the proliferative decline of pancreatic beta-cells in zebrafish

    Sharan Janjuha et al.
    During aging, the pancreatic endocrine islets undergo chronic inflammation, which is associated with a reduced capacity for self-renewal of the insulin-producing beta-cells in zebrafish.
    1. Cell Biology

    Hepatic NF-kB-inducing kinase (NIK) suppresses mouse liver regeneration in acute and chronic liver diseases

    Yi Xiong et al.
    Genetic mouse models show that hepatic NIK and IKKα inhibit hepatocyte proliferation and liver regeneration in part by inhibiting the JAK2/STAT3 pathway.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Caspase-8 contributes to angiogenesis and chemotherapy resistance in glioblastoma

    Giulia Fianco et al.
    Retention of Caspase-8 confers a selective advantage to glioblastoma and represents a novel therapeutic target.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    TRAF2 regulates TNF and NF-κB signalling to suppress apoptosis and skin inflammation independently of Sphingosine kinase 1

    Nima Etemadi et al.
    Intrinsic defects in keratinocytes can cause skin inflammation through excessive cell death and production of inflammatory molecules.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Stimulus-selective crosstalk via the NF-κB signaling system reinforces innate immune response to alleviate gut infection

    Balaji Banoth et al.
    The integration of signals via the pleiotropic NF-kappaB (NF-κB) system enables microenvironmental cues to tune cellular responses to pathogenic substances.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Release of human cytomegalovirus from latency by a KAP1/TRIM28 phosphorylation switch

    Benjamin Rauwel et al.
    Inactivation of KAP1 by mTOR-mediated phosphorylation releases human cytomegalovirus from latency, and has the potential to be used as a therapy to purge the virus from transplant organs.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Differential activation of JAK-STAT signaling reveals functional compartmentalization in Drosophila blood progenitors

    Diana Rodrigues et al.
    Comprehensive developmental in situ analysis of the Drosophila lymph gland provides markers highlighting blood progenitor diversity and reveals that JAK-STAT signaling prevents posterior progenitor differentiation, promoting survival after immune challenge.
    1. Neuroscience

    Peptidoglycan-dependent NF-κB activation in a small subset of brain octopaminergic neurons controls female oviposition

    Ambra Masuzzo et al.
    The universal bacteria cell wall component peptidoglycan impacts the egg-laying behavior of infected Drosophila females by directly modulating the activity of few brain octopaminergic neurons.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Reactive oxygen species-dependent Toll/NF-κB activation in the Drosophila hematopoietic niche confers resistance to wasp parasitism

    Isabelle Louradour et al.
    In the Drosophila hematopoietic microenvironment, a regulatory network involving Toll/NF-B, EGFR signaling and reactive oxygen species controls blood cell production in response to immune stress.

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