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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Near-infrared photoactivatable control of Ca2+ signaling and optogenetic immunomodulation

    Lian He et al.
    A near-infrared light-stimulable optogenetic platform enables remote and wireless manipulation of calcium signaling and immune responses both in vitro and in vivo to achieve tailored function.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Na+ influx via Orai1 inhibits intracellular ATP-induced mTORC2 signaling to disrupt CD4 T cell gene expression and differentiation

    Yong Miao et al.
    Non-specific sodium entry inhibits T cell receptor induced gene expression and differentiation of T cells by depleting intracellular ATP and disrupting mTORC2 dependent signalling axis.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis for N-terminal alpha-synuclein acetylation by human NatB

    Sunbin Deng et al.
    The cryo-EM structure of the human N-terminal acetyltransferase NatB bound to a cognate N-terminal alpha-synuclein peptide reveals the molecular determinants of NatB-specific protein acetylation.
    1. Developmental Biology

    A novel source of arterial valve cells linked to bicuspid aortic valve without raphe in mice

    Lorriane Eley et al.
    Identification of a novel source of progenitor cells that form arterial valve leaflets and that, when disrupted, can lead to bicuspid arterial valve, the most common human cardiac malformation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Defective STIM-mediated store operated Ca2+ entry in hepatocytes leads to metabolic dysfunction in obesity

    Ana Paula Arruda et al.
    Store operated calcium entry is defective in hepatocytes of obese mice, and restoring this process is sufficient to improve glucose metabolism.
    1. Cell Biology

    Regulator of G protein signaling 12 enhances osteoclastogenesis by suppressing Nrf2-dependent antioxidant proteins to promote the generation of reactive oxygen species

    Andrew Ying Hui Ng et al.
    Rgs12 protein is a novel regulator of the Nrf2 protein by facilitating the proteasomal degradation of the transcription factor during osteoclast differentiation.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Long-term antigen exposure irreversibly modifies metabolic requirements for T cell function

    Marie Bettonville et al.
    Long-term exposure to recipient's alloantigens promotes major metabolic defects in T cells that are independent of PD-1-mediated regulation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of diverse membrane target recognitions by ankyrins

    Chao Wang et al.
    The 24 ankyrin repeats of ankyrin proteins form an extended solenoid that provides an extremely conserved groove for binding to numerous targets via combinatorial usage of multiple weak interaction sites.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Coronary arterial development is regulated by a Dll4-Jag1-EphrinB2 signaling cascade

    Stanislao Igor Travisano et al.
    Notch ligands Jag1 and Dll4 and their effector Ephb2 are required in sinus venosus endocardium for primitive coronary vasculature formation and later for arterial differentiation and maturation of coronary endothelium.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Multiplexed imaging of immune cells in staged multiple sclerosis lesions by mass cytometry

    Valeria Ramaglia et al.
    Imaging mass cytometry simultaneously lights up distinct immune cells in the brain.