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    1. Neuroscience

    Cell type-specific transcriptomics of hypothalamic energy-sensing neuron responses to weight-loss

    Fredrick E Henry et al.
    Cell type-specific transcriptomics in energy homeostasis neurons has identified hundreds of genes and multiple signaling pathways that are regulated by weight loss in mice, as well as several previously unexamined genes that can regulate appetite and body weight.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Protein sequences bound to mineral surfaces persist into deep time

    Beatrice Demarchi et al.
    A chemically unstable ostrich eggshell peptide survives for at least 3.8 million years at the equator, stabilized by strong mineral interactions.
    1. Neuroscience

    MicroRNA-9 controls dendritic development by targeting REST

    Sebastian A Giusti et al.
    Conditional transgenic miR-9 sponge mice exhibit developmental defects in dendrite growth due to up-regulation of the transcriptional repressor REST.
    1. Neuroscience

    The neuronal architecture of the mushroom body provides a logic for associative learning

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    A map of the entire array of cell types and potential projections in the mushroom body of the fruit fly brain provides insights into the circuitry that supports learning of stimulus-reward and stimulus–punishment associations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Non-thalamic origin of zebrafish sensory nuclei implies convergent evolution of visual pathways in amniotes and teleosts

    Solal Bloch et al.
    Mesencephalic origin of the zebrafish thalamocortical-like visual projection neurons indicates independent evolution of tectofugal visual pathways in amniotes and teleosts.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Hedgehog signaling is required for endomesodermal patterning and germ cell development in the sea anemone Nematostella vectensis

    Cheng-Yi Chen et al.
    The dependence of Nematostella germ cell specification on zygotic Hedgehog pathway activity supports the hypothesis that the eumetazoan common ancestor segregated its germline by inductive signals rather than maternal determinants.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structure of MlaFB uncovers novel mechanisms of ABC transporter regulation

    Ljuvica R Kolich et al.
    Structure of MlaFB reveals how a small binding protein and the C-terminal tail on an ATPase subunit work together to regulate the assembly and function of an ABC transporter.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Angiopoietin-4-dependent venous maturation and fluid drainage in the peripheral retina

    Harri Elamaa et al.
    Identification of importance of Angiopoietin-4 (Angpt4) as a first growth factor that initiates venous specification in the peripheral retina, and Angpt4-dependent mechanism for fluid clearance in the mouse retina.
    1. Neuroscience

    G protein βγ subunits inhibit TRPM3 ion channels in sensory neurons

    Talisia Quallo et al.
    TRPM3 inhibition is identified as a novel mechanism for G-protein βγ subunit signalling.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synaptic transmission parallels neuromodulation in a central food-intake circuit

    Philipp Schlegel et al.
    Connectomic analysis demonstrates that a brain circuit, that may be conserved between flies and mammals, uses both fast synaptic transmission as well as peptidergic neuromodulation to connect chemosensory and endocrine systems.