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    1. Neuroscience

    Multivesicular bodies mediate long-range retrograde NGF-TrkA signaling

    Mengchen Ye et al.
    Multivesicular bodies deliver long-range retrograde nerve growth factor (NGF) signals and serve as essential signaling and sorting platforms in the cell soma, and multivesicular body (MVB) cargoes dictate their vesicular fate.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Soluble PD-L1 generated by endogenous retroelement exaptation is a receptor antagonist

    Kevin W Ng et al.
    An ancient integration of an endogenous retroelement in the gene encoding PD-L1 is exapted to generate a soluble form that antagonises the suppressive function of the membrane-bound form.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cofilin-induced unidirectional cooperative conformational changes in actin filaments revealed by high-speed atomic force microscopy

    Kien Xuan Ngo et al.
    A cluster of cofilin along an otherwise bare actin filament induces distinctively asymmetric cooperative conformational changes to the filament on either side of the cluster.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Functional roles of Mg2+ binding sites in ion-dependent gating of a Mg2+ channel, MgtE, revealed by solution NMR

    Tatsuro Maruyama et al.
    Nuclear magnetic resonance analysis revealed the structural and dynamical changes in MgtE during the channel closure caused by the cooperative Mg2+-binding, which had remained undescribed only by a static crystal structure.
    1. Neuroscience

    Interneurons and oligodendrocyte progenitors form a structured synaptic network in the developing neocortex

    David Orduz et al.
    During the second postnatal week, a temporary circuit made up of specific types of neurons plus the precursors of oligodendrocytes is established in the brain, and may promote the maturation of oligodendrocytes in preparation for myelination.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Extracellular Pgk1 enhances neurite outgrowth of motoneurons through Nogo66/NgR-independent targeting of NogoA

    Cheng Yung Lin et al.
    The amount of secreted Pgk1 is sharply decreased in Rtn4al/NogoA-overexpressed muscle cells, leading to various manifestations of neurodegenerative disease, including denervated neuromuscular junction and failed neurite outgrowth of motoneurons.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Exploration of CTCF post-translation modifications uncovers Serine-224 phosphorylation by PLK1 at pericentric regions during the G2/M transition

    Brian C Del Rosario et al.
    The chromosome architectural protein, CTCF, is phosphorylated at Ser224 in a cell-cycle-dependent manner and abrogation of phosphorylation leads to a cell growth defect.
    1. Neuroscience

    Nitric oxide acts as a cotransmitter in a subset of dopaminergic neurons to diversify memory dynamics

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    The interplay of nitric oxide and dopamine specialize one memory unit in a fly brain in predicting the value of odors based only on recent experience.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Chemical modulation of transcriptionally enriched signaling pathways to optimize the conversion of fibroblasts into neurons

    Joseph Herdy et al.
    An unbiased RNAseq based strategy to identify targetable pathways and a streamlined lentiviral system provide a state of the art advance on direct fibroblast to neuron conversion.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular rationale for antibody-mediated targeting of the hantavirus fusion glycoprotein

    Ilona Rissanen et al.
    An integrated cryoEM and X-ray crystallography study resolves the structural basis for antibody-mediated targeting of the hantavirus fusion glycoprotein and provides insight into the conformational landscape of the hantavirion surface.