17 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The NKCC1 antagonist bumetanide mitigates interneuronopathy associated with ethanol exposure in utero

    Alexander GJ Skorput et al.
    Prenatal ethanol exposure results in aberrant tangential migration by altering NKCC1-mediated chloride homeostasis that can be mitigated by bumetanide.
    1. Neuroscience

    Endocannabinoid signaling enhances visual responses through modulation of intracellular chloride levels in retinal ganglion cells

    Loïs S Miraucourt et al.
    Endocannabinoid activation of the CB1 receptor on retinal ganglion cells in the eye results in enhanced excitability and responsiveness to visual stimulation through a novel mechanism involving intracellular chloride regulation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Purinergic signaling in cochlear supporting cells reduces hair cell excitability by increasing the extracellular space

    Travis A Babola et al.
    Supporting cells in the cochlea change their shape in response to purinergic receptor activation, which influences hair cell excitability by altering potassium redistribution in the extracellular space.
    1. Neuroscience

    Targeting light-gated chloride channels to neuronal somatodendritic domain reduces their excitatory effect in the axon

    Jessica E Messier et al.
    A high axonal chloride concentration explains why activation of light-gated chloride channels causes neurotransmitter release, and a novel hybrid somatodendritic targeting motif ameliorates this phenomenon and improves their inhibitory function.
    1. Ecology

    A SLC4 family bicarbonate transporter is critical for intracellular pH regulation and biomineralization in sea urchin embryos

    Marian Y Hu et al.
    Cellular carbon accumulation systems are a fundamental prerequisite for biomineralization to stabilize pH and to supply inorganic carbon for CaCO3 precipitation under changing environmental conditions.
    1. Neuroscience

    Seasonal plasticity in GABAA signaling is necessary for restoring phase synchrony in the master circadian clock network

    Kayla E Rohr et al.
    A seasonal switch to excitatory GABAA signaling dictates how daily clock neurons interact to encode environmental change.
    1. Neuroscience

    The adipocyte hormone leptin sets the emergence of hippocampal inhibition in mice

    Camille Dumon et al.
    Maternal obesity and excess of the adipocyte hormone leptin delays the emergence of synaptic inhibition in the developing brain mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Relaxation of synaptic inhibitory events as a compensatory mechanism in fetal SOD spinal motor networks

    Pascal Branchereau et al.
    Electrophysiological and simulation approaches show that a chloride-related longer relaxation of the inhibitory synaptic events partially compensates the early defect in the chloride homeostasis detected in fetal SOD spinal motoneurons.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Scc2 counteracts a Wapl-independent mechanism that releases cohesin from chromosomes during G1

    Madhusudhan Srinivasan et al.
    In G1 cells, Scc2 loads and maintains cohesin on chromosomes by counteracting a Wapl-independent releasing activity, which is neutralized in S phase by CDK1.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Activity-dependent death of transient Cajal-Retzius neurons is required for functional cortical wiring

    Martina Riva et al.
    The complete elimination of a transient superficial population of neurons, and associated immature circuits, is required for the emergence of functional properties in the mature cerebral cortex.

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