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1,170 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Lymph node stromal cells constrain immunity via MHC class II self-antigen presentation

    Antonio P Baptista et al.
    MHC class II-mediated self-antigen presentation by lymph node stromal cells controls regulatory T cell homeostasis, thus safeguarding immune tolerance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Node of Ranvier length as a potential regulator of myelinated axon conduction speed

    I Lorena Arancibia-Cárcamo et al.
    Node of Ranvier length is similar at successive nodes along single myelinated CNS axons, but differs between axons, and could potentially be tuned to adjust the conduction velocity of each axon.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    The HIV-1 envelope protein gp120 is captured and displayed for B cell recognition by SIGN-R1+ lymph node macrophages

    Chung Park et al.
    Lymph node gp120 specific B cells extract locally injected HIV-1 gp120 from SIGN-R1 positive macrophages that line the subcapsular sinus overlying the lymph node interfollicular channels.
    1. Plant Biology

    Epidermal LysM receptor ensures robust symbiotic signalling in Lotus japonicus

    Eiichi Murakami et al.
    Functional analyses provide evidence for a complex Nod factor signalling where NFRe is necessary for maintaining an optimal symbiotic signalling in the susceptible root zone, and initiation of nodule primordia on the expanding root system.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Migratory and adhesive cues controlling innate-like lymphocyte surveillance of the pathogen-exposed surface of the lymph node

    Yang Zhang et al.
    A group of innate-like lymphocytes surveys the lymph node subcapsular sinus for bacterial and fungal invaders using a novel combination of chemoattractant and adhesion molecules.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Siglec1-expressing subcapsular sinus macrophages provide soil for melanoma lymph node metastasis

    Rohit Singh, Beom K Choi
    When pioneer metastatic cells enter a sentinel lymph node through afferent lymphatics subcapsular sinus, macrophages provide them soil to proliferate and colonize lymph node.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Incomplete inhibition of HIV infection results in more HIV infected lymph node cells by reducing cell death

    Laurelle Jackson et al.
    Under conditions where the force of HIV infection per cell is high, partial attenuation of infection with inhibitors can increase the number of live infected cells and may paradoxically be beneficial for viral spread.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A novel role for lipoxin A4 in driving a lymph node–eye axis that controls autoimmunity to the neuroretina

    Jessica Wei et al.
    LXA4 in lymph nodes is an important resident homeostatic regulator that controls effector T cell functions and egress in the development of adaptive immune responses.
    1. Neuroscience

    The mechanosensitive ion channel TRAAK is localized to the mammalian node of Ranvier

    Stephen G Brohawn et al.
    The mechanosensitive potassium channel TRAAK is localized to nodes of Ranvier is mammalian axons where it hyperpolarizes the resting potential and may contribute to mechanical repolarization of neurons.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Lipidation-independent vacuolar functions of Atg8 rely on its noncanonical interaction with a vacuole membrane protein

    Xiao-Man Liu et al.
    The core autophagy protein Atg8 plays non-autophagy roles through binding to an integral membrane protein Hfl1, which harbors an unusual Atg8-interacting motif.

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