921 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Remodeling of lumbar motor circuitry remote to a thoracic spinal cord injury promotes locomotor recovery

    Ying Wang et al.
    Retrograde transport of NT-3 stimulated the reorganization of lumbar neural circuitry and synaptic connectivity remote to a thoracic SCI, along with improved behavioral recovery.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Identification of Pol IV and RDR2-dependent precursors of 24 nt siRNAs guiding de novo DNA methylation in Arabidopsis

    Todd Blevins et al.
    The 24-nucleotide long siRNAs that guide cytosine methylation in Arabidopsis are made by dicing short double-stranded RNAs that are only around 30 nucleotides long.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Engineering a conserved RNA regulatory protein repurposes its biological function in vivo

    Vandita D Bhat et al.
    Motif length plays a critical role in the specification of biological function within a conserved family of RNA-binding proteins.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Genome-wide effects of the antimicrobial peptide apidaecin on translation termination in bacteria

    Kyle Mangano et al.
    Inhibition of bacterial protein synthesis by an antimicrobial peptide apidaecin triggers translation arrest at the stop codons, ribosome queuing and pervasive stop codon readthrough.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A mechanism for the extension and unfolding of parallel telomeric G-quadruplexes by human telomerase at single-molecule resolution

    Bishnu P Paudel et al.
    Human telomerase unfolds and extends parallel G-quadruplexes using a unique mechanism involving its RNA template.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Transcriptome maps of general eukaryotic RNA degradation factors

    Salma Sohrabi-Jahromi et al.
    Mapping of 30 general RNA degradation factors onto the yeast transcriptome provides the global distribution of factors for RNA turnover and surveillance in a eukaryotic cell.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Neurotrophins induce fission of mitochondria along embryonic sensory axons

    Lorena Armijo-Weingart et al.
    Induction of the fission of mitochondria-populating sensory axons is shown to be a novel biological action of neurotrophins.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Translational initiation in E. coli occurs at the correct sites genome-wide in the absence of mRNA-rRNA base-pairing

    Kazuki Saito et al.
    E. coli ribosomes incapable of base-pairing with the Shine-Dalgarno sequence are still selective for annotated start sites, indicating these sites are hard-wired for initiation by other mRNA features.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    sRNA-mediated activation of gene expression by inhibition of 5'-3’ exonucleolytic mRNA degradation

    Sylvain Durand et al.
    Small regulatory RNAs are able to modulate mRNA degradation rates by controlling access to the 5' end of mRNAs in bacteria.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular architecture of the 90S small subunit pre-ribosome

    Qi Sun et al.
    The nearly complete architecture of the gigantic 90S precursor of small ribosomal subunit is determined by cryo-EM.

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